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Chennai

BCCI to take call on shifting IPL from Chennai: CSK CEO

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Chennai Super Kings (CSK) Chief Execuitve Officer K.S. Viswanathan on Tuesday confirmed that the Chennai police have suggested they shift their IPL matches from Chennai amidst the volatile situation over the Cauvery waters dispute.
 
"We talked to the Chennai Commissioner of Police over the issue. They suggested we shift the matches as the situation is volatile in the city," Viswanathan told IANS on the phone.
 
"We have put the ball in BCCI's court and the board will now take a call on the issue," the CEO added.
 
On Tuesday, IPL Chairman Rajeev Shukla had met with the Union Home Secretary at his North Block office in the wake of demands by various Tamil groups and political parties that the IPL Twenty20 matches be suspended in the city until the Cauvery waters dispute is sorted out. 
 
The Tamil groups had demanded that the authorities cancel Tuesday's IPL match in Chennai between Chennai Super Kings (CSK) and Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR).
 
IANS
 
 
 
 
 
 
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L&T-built Offshore Patrol Vessel commissioned for Indian Coast Guard

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The Offshore Patrol Vessel ICGS Vikram, indigenously designed and built by infrastructure and construction major Larsen and Toubro (L&T), was commissioned into the Indian Coast Guard in the presence  of Minister of State for Defence Subhash Bhamre at L&T’s Defence shipyard at Kattupalli near here today.
 
The vessel is the ‘First of Class’ of seven new generation Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) contracted by Ministry of Defence (MoD) to L&T in March 2015, under government’s initiative of ‘Make in India’.
 
Indian Coast Guard Director General Rajendra Singh, Inspector General Rajan Bargotra, Commander Coast Guard Region (East), Mr. S.N. Subrahmanyan, CEO & MD, L&T, Mr. J.D. Patil, Whole-time Director (Defence) and Member of L&T Board, Vice Admiral (Retd) B. Kannan, MD & CEO L&T Shipbuilding, and other dignitaries were present on the  occasion.
 
After its keel was laid in March 2016, ICGS Vikram has been commissioned in a record period of 25 months, including build time, harbor trials and sea trials, a press release from L&T said.
 
“It is a momentous occasion for L&T to become the first private Indian shipyard to deliver an in-house designed Offshore Patrol Vessel to MoD. L&T Shipyards have achieved unmatched stellar delivery performance in prestigious MoD contracts for 54 Interceptor Boats for Coast Guard, Floating Dock project for Navy and now the OPV for Coast Guard,"  Mr. Subrahmanyan, CEO & MD, Larsen & Toubro, said.
 
"This bears testimony to our capabilities and commitment towards Make in India. Over the past decade, we have invested heavily in building state-of-the-art facilities and talent pool for defence manufacturing and are fully geared up with sufficient capacity and financial strength to grow multifold in this sector in coming years.
 
“Given the opportunity and a level playing field, L&T can provide the much-needed impetus to the augmentation of Indian Naval and Coast Guard fleets through in-house design and timely delivery of vessels,” he added.
 
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ICGS Vikram class OPVs are long-range surface ships, equipped to handle helicopter operations and capable of operating in Indian maritime zones including island territories. The role of the OPV is to conduct coastal and offshore patrolling, policing maritime zones, control & surveillance, anti-smuggling & anti-piracy operations with limited wartime roles.
 
Mr. Patil said: “L&T defence shipbuilding capabilities have come of age with over two decades of rich experience in design, engineering and construction of complex defence platforms and three decades of track record in platform specific equipment and systems. On-time commissioning of first of the class OPV ICGS Vikram underlines excellent design and execution capabilities of L&T. In the past one year, 11 new build platforms were launched / delivered by L&T, all ahead or on schedule. Today, L&T is uniquely placed to address complete value chain of Defence Shipbuilding from design to manufacturing of critical ship equipment, modular construction and through life support.”
 
The vessel, which is approximately 97m long, 15m wide, has 3.6m draught, 2,140 T displacement and a range of 5,000 NM. It can attain a sustained speed of up to 26 knots.
 
The OPVs are built with Integrated Platform Management System to enable special control capabilities generally integrated in larger warships like frigates and destroyers. The vessels are fitted with front propulsion pods for providing an ability of high manoeuvrability. The entire design and construction process has been certified by American Bureau of Shipping as well as Indian Registrar of Shipping and overseen by the Indian Coast Guard’s resident team at Kattupalli. Further the harbour and sea trials have been undertaken by the crew of ICGS Vikram, the release said.
 
Vice Admiral (Retd.)  Kannan said: “Achieving ahead of time delivery for a first of cass defence ship called for adoption of modular construction, meticulous planning and deployment of efficiency enabling digital technologies. The experienced workforce of L&T along with its vibrant project management skills achieved a high concurrency between design and production, which enabled realization of an unmatched build period of 25 months from keel laying to delivery; which is expected to be further reduced in the subsequent follow on OPVs.”
 
Commissioning of ICGS Vikram has come in quick succession to handing over of another major vessel Floating Dock (FDN-2) in March 2018 to the Indian Navy for deployment at Port Blair. Out of 54 Interceptor Boats ordered by Indian Coast Guard, L&T has already delivered 38 boats up to two years ahead of schedule and has completed the construction of remaining 16 boats. All these vessels were indigenously designed, developed and manufactured, the release said.
 
Construction of follow-on OPVs is progressing ahead of schedule at Kattupalli shipyard. OPV-2 has been launched and is being readied for harbour and sea trials. L&T is also undertaking various refits and repairs of Naval and Coast Guard vessels, the release added.
 
NNN
 
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IPL: Billings, Watson help CSK pull off heist against KKR

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Sam Billings' 23-ball 56 coupled with Shane Watson's 19-ball 42 helped Chennai Super Kings (CSK) pull off a heist as they beat Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by five wickets in a thrilling IPL game, held amidst strong protests on the issue of Cauvery waters here on Tuesday.
 
Needing 17 runs in the last over, Ravindra Jadeja 11 (not out) hit a six off R Vinay Kumar to clinch the issue with four runs and one ball remaining as Dwayne Bravo (11 not out) watched from the other end.
 
Chasing 203, Watson and Ambati Rayudu (39 off 26; 3x4, 2x6) gave CSK a dream start before they got out and KKR reined the hosts in with one more wicket.
 
But Billings and skipper MS Dhoni (25 off 28; 1x4, 1x6) kept their chances alive with a 54-run stand for the fourth wicket and after Dhoni got out Billings cut loose.
 
The England top-order batsman brought up his 50 in 21 balls, sweeping Tom Curran (2/39), whom he took for 17 runs in the 15th over, to the leg side to bring up the landmark.
 
Curran got his wicket in the same over but Jadeja and Bravo ensured the job was done.
 
CSK got off to a flying start. Watson made his intentions clear from the off, spanking R Vinay Kumar for two fours and a six in the first over.
 
At the other end, Rayudu (39 off 26; 3x4, 2x6) took a liking to Piyush Chawla, hitting the wrist-spinner for two sixes and a four in the fourth over.
 
The pair added 75 runs for the opening wicket before Watson holed out to Rinku Singh at cow corner trying to pull Curran.
 
After the powerplay, CSK were well on course at 75/1.
 
Chinaman Kuldeep Yadav (1/27) then removed the set Rayudu with a lofted delivery outside off-stump which went to substitute Shivam Mavi at extra cover as the batsman played away from his body.
 
From that point, CSK's surge took a dip and the asking rate started shooting up. Suresh Raina (14), who was dropped by Curran on 6, could not capilatise on it and with cramps affecting him, pulled a Narine delivery to Vinay Kumar at long on.
 
Dhoni and Billings -- given a second life by Robin Uthappa who dropped him at mid off -- fought well.
 
Chawla broke the stand just as the home side looked to be making a fight out of it with a low ball that Dhoni feather-edged to Karthik who took a sharp catch behind the stumps.
 
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The match was not over though with Billings continuing his big hitting before Curran got his revenge on his international teammate as the England batsman holed out to Uthappa at long off.
 
Earlier, Andre Russell smashed an unbeaten 36-ball 88 to help Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) recover from early jitters and post a mammoth 202/6 in 20 overs.
 
There was unprecedented security at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium with a lot of traffic restrictions around the stadium and the arrival of the teams accompanied by tight surveillance. The toss for the game was taken at 7.43 p.m., a delay of 13 minutes.
 
Life in several parts of the city was thrown out of gear after many Tamil outfits staged protests against the holding of IPL matches in Chepauk stadium to demand a Cauvery Management Board from the Centre.
 
Coming to the game, KKR were reduced to 89/5 at one stage after being put in before Russell (1x4, 11x6) took the home team bowlers to the cleaners with some lusty blows.
 
The 29-year-old West Indian all-rounder was at it from the word go and in the 19th over smoked compratriot Dwayne Bravo for three back-to-back sixes.
 
Russell was ably supported by skipper Dinesh Karthik (26 off 25 balls) and Robin Uthappa (29 off 16 balls) at the beginning.
 
Brief scores: Chennai Super Kings 205/5 in 19.5 overs (Sam Billings 56, Shane Watson 42; Tom Curran 2/39) beat Kolkata Knight Riders: 202/6 in 20 overs (Andre Russell 88, Robin Uthappa 20; Shane Watson 2/39)
 
IANS
 
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Russell's 36-ball 88 steers KKR to mammoth 202/6 against CSK

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Andre Russell smashed an unbeaten 36-ball 88 to help Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) recover from early jitters and post a mammoth 202/6 in 20 overs against Chennai Super Kings (CSK) in an IPL game, held amidst strong protests on the issue of Cauvery waters here on Tuesday.
 
There was unprecedented security at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium with a lot of traffic restrictions around the stadium and the arrival of the teams accompanied by tight surveillance. The toss for the game was taken at 7.43 pm, a delay of 13 minutes.
 
Life in several parts of the city was thrown out of gear after many Tamil outfits staged protests against the holding of IPL matches in Chepauk stadium to demand a Cauvery Management Board from the Centre.
 
Coming to the game, KKR were reduced to 89/5 at one stage after being put in before Russell (1x4, 11x6) took the home team bowlers to the cleaners with some lusty blows.
 
The 29-year-old West Indian all-rounder was at it from the word go and in the 19th over smoked compratriot Dwayne Bravo for three back-to-back sixes.
 
Russell was ably supported by skipper Dinesh Karthik (26 off 25 balls) and Robin Uthappa (29 off 16 balls) at the beginning.
 
For CSK, Shane Watson returned best figures of 2/39 while Harbhajan Singh (1/11), Ravindra Jadeja (1/19) and Shardul Thakur (1/37) also picked up wickets.
 
KKR lost two wickets in the form of Sunil Narine (12), and Chris Lynn (22) who failed to make the most of a reprieve when Deepak Chahar grassed a difficult catch off Harbhajan's bowling.
 
Narine was sent back by Harbhajan with a tossed up delivery that the West Indian looked to slog down the leg side, holing out to Raina who ran from mid off to complete the catch.
 
Lynn, who flopped in the first game, hit four fours but never looked fluent, finally going for a wild leg-side heave and losing his stumps off Jadeja's bowling.
 
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KKR were scoring at a good pace despite the loss of the openers, riding on Uthappa's big hitting. In the sixth over, Uthappa tonked Jadeja for back-to-back sixes but just when he was looking good for a big score, the Karnataka batsman got run out leaving the team reeling at 81/4. Uthappa punched the ball to covers and hesitated while taking the single allowing Raina, still one of the best fielders around, to effect a sharp direct run out.
 
Nitish Rana (16) had perished before Uthappa, trying to drag a back-of-a-length Shane Watson delivery behind square on the leg side only for keeper Dhoni to take an easy catch behind the stumps.
 
At the halfway stage, KKR were reduced to 89/5 after the losing yet another wicket of little-known Rinku Singh (2).
 
Russell and Karthik then joined hands to stem the rot with the former playing the aggressor's role. 
 
Karthik was adjudged lbw against Watson when the recovery was almost done and despite a Decision Review System (DRS) review, he had to make the long walk back.
 
But there was no stopping Russell who hit Bravo for three successive sixes in the 19th over and finished off in style with another huge six off Shardul.
 
Brief scores: Kolkata Knight Riders: 202/6 in 20 overs (Andre Russell 88, Robin Uthappa 20; Shane Watson 2/39) against Chennai Super Kings. 
 
IANS
 
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IPL: CSK opt to field against KKR

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Amidst strong protests against holding the IPL match on the issue of Cauvery waters issue, the outing between the Chennai Super Kings (CSK) and the Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) began on Tuesday night amidst unprecedented security for a sport event.
 
After a lot of traffic restrictions around the stadium and the arrival of the teams accompanied by tight security, the toss for the game was taken at 7.43 pm, a delay of 13 minutes. 
 
CSK captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni won the toss and elected to field first against Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) in the Indian Premier League game marred by Cauvery protests here on Tuesday.
 
Life in several parts of the city was thrown out of gear after many Tamil outfits staged protests against the holding of IPL matches in Chepauk stadium to demand a Cauvery Management Board from the Centre.
 
CSK, who rode on Dwayne Bravo's whirlwind 30-ball 68 to beat Mumbai Indians dramatically by one wicket, are playing at home after serving a two-year ban from IPL after the spot-fixing scandal which rocked the cash-rich tournament in 2013.
 
KKR, meanwhile, registered a comfortable four-wicket victory against Virat Kohli's Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) in their opening game at the Eden Gardens in Kolkata.
 
Led by their new captain Dinesh Karthik, the visitors have a fresh look to their team after the IPL auctions.
 
Teams:
 
Kolkata Knight Riders: Sunil Narine, Chris Lynn, Robin Uthappa, Nitish Rana, Dinesh Karthik(w/c), Rinku Singh, Andre Russell, Vinay Kumar, Piyush Chawla, Tom Curran, Kuldeep Yadav
 
Chennai Super Kings: Shane Watson, Ambati Rayudu, Suresh Raina, Sam Billings, MS Dhoni(w/c), Ravindra Jadeja, Dwayne Bravo, Deepak Chahar, Harbhajan Singh, Imran Tahir, Shardul Thakur
 
IANS
 
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Chennai gripped by protests ahead of IPL clash

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Protests flared in Chennai on Tuesday as people demanding a Cauvery Management Board took to the streets against an IPL match to be played between Chennai Super Kings (CSK) and Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) at night.
 
Even as the rival teams made it to the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium - popularly known as Chepauk Stadium - through the back gate, the complex turned into a fortress with the deployment of hundreds of police personnel, many in riot gear. 
 
All roads leading to the stadium also came under a blanket of security to prevent anti-IPL activists from spoiling the show. Groups of protesters kept moving towards the cricket stadium from various lanes shouting slogans.
 
A helicopter circled the sky over the stadium.
 
Police took into custody members of various Tamil groups. Many raised slogans against the Modi government for not constituting the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) and the Cauvery Water Regulatory Committee (CWRC) as mandated by the Supreme Court.
 
Protests on the arterial Anna Salai threw traffic out of gear. 
 
With the match set to start at 8 p.m., some demonstrators released black balloons into the sky in a sign of protest. Also taken into custody were some protesters who tried to lay siege to the cricket stadium.
 
Tamil movie celebrities like director Bharathirajaa also hit the streets demanding justice for Tamil Nadu vis-a-vis Karnataka, the two states which are locked in a dragging row over the river water.
 
Police have said all spectators will be frisked thoroughly before being let into the stadium.
 
On Monday, authorities announced unprecedented security arrangements for the Indian Premier League (IPL) match.
 
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The Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) has banned spectators from bringing mobile phones, remote control car-key or any electronic devices, bags, briefcases, pagers, radios, digital diaries, laptops, computers, tape-recorders and even binoculars.
 
The banned list also includes musical instrument, video cameras, digital cameras, crackers, inflammable materials, firearms and ammunition, edibles, thermos flasks, water jugs, bottles, cigarettes, beedis, match boxes, lighters, razors, scissors, mirrors and glass, knifes and batteries.
 
The use of mobile phones, transistors, computers, cameras or any other audio visual recording equipment for recording and for communication the match details, statistics and images has also been prohibited.
 
Tamil Nadu Fisheries Minister D. Jayakumar said it was for the organisers to decide whether to cancel the match or not and it was for the people to decide whether to boycott the match or not.
 
On Tuesday, however, the IPL organisers decided to allow spectators to carry mobile phones into the stadium - when it became clear that a ban on mobile phone would keep people away from the complex.
 
IANS
 
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Security for Chennai IPL match in top gear

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The city police has laid down multi-layered security to prevent any untoward incident during the Indian Premier League (IPL) match between Chennai Super Kings (CSK) and Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) here on Tuesday evening.
 
According to officials, around 4,000 police personnel have been deployed for security.
 
Several fringe elements have threatened to agitate against the IPL match in protest against the central government not constituting the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) and Cauvery Water Regulatory Committee (CWRC) as mandated by the Supreme Court.
 
Protests are being planned near the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk. The situation around the stadium now is calm.
 
A group in the Tamil movie industry, led by Director Bharathirajaa, R.K. Selvamani and V. Sekar, floated an association called Tamil Panpaattu Peravai on Monday here.
 
They told reporters that holding an IPL match when the state was fighting for Cauvery river water was an attempt to divide the youth.
 
Bharathirajaa said they will hold a protest against the match. Some political parties too have called for axing the match.
 
Earlier, DMK leader M.K. Stalin said the organisers of the IPL matches should understand the people's problems. But he said the DMK was not against holding the IPL matches.
 
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK) chief Thol Thirumavalavan had also sought a ban on IPL matches in Tamil Nadu.
 
Spectators have also been told not to dishonour the Indian flag. No food or drink from outside will be permitted.
 
The Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) has banned spectators from bringing mobile phones, remote control car keys or any electronic devices, bags, briefcases, pagers, radios, digital diaries, laptops, computers, tape-recorders and even binoculars.
 
The banned list also includes musical instruments, video cameras, digital cameras, crackers, inflammable materials, firearms and ammunition, edibles, thermos flasks, water jugs, bottles, cigarettes, beedis, match boxes, lighters, razors, scissors, mirrors and glass, knives and batteries.
 
The use of mobile phones, transistors, computers, cameras or any other audio visual recording equipment for recording and for communication the match details, statistics and images has also been prohibited.
 
IANS
 
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IPL: Chennai beat Mumbai by one wicket in thriller

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A heroic effort from Kedar Jadhav at the end helped Chennai Super Kings edged past three-time champions Mumbai Indians by one wicket in the opening match of the 11th Indian Premier League (IPL) Twenty20 cricket tournament here on Saturday.
 
Needing seven runs in three balls, Jadhav (24 not out) who got retired hurt, scooped a six over short fine leg and then slammed a boundary at covers off Mustafizur Rahman to clinch a thriller for his team.
 
Mumbai's middle-order batsman Dwayne Bravo (68 off 30), also played a brilliant innings towards the end but could not took his team to the finishing line as he was dismissed in the second last over by Jasprit Bumrah.
 
Chasing a decent score of 166, Chennai openers started the proceedings on a positive note.
 
Shane Watson (16) played his shots while Ambati Rayudu (22) rotated the strike. But after adding 27 runs in four overs, medium pacer Hardik Pandya dismissed Watson.
 
Incoming batsmen Suresh Raina (4) also struggled in the middle but Rayudu kept on scoring runs at the other end. Soon Raina was also sent packing in the sixth over by Pandya. 
 
In the very next over, Rayudu was sent back to the pavilion by spinner Mayank Markande.
 
Now with scoreboard reading 42/3, middle-order got exposed and batsmen like Kedar Jadhav (14 retired hurt), Mahendra Singh Dhoni (5) and Ravindra Jadeja (12) failed to rise to the occasion and were dismissed cheaply.
 
Towards the end, Bravo smashed the Mumbai bowlers all around the park and also narrowed the gap of runs but lack of support from the other end cost hugely but in the end Jadhav made it easy as he took his team to the finish line.
 
For Mumbai, Markander scalped three wickets while Pandya took two.
 
Earlier, Mumbai Indians posted 165/4 in 20 overs. Suryakumar Yadav (43 off 29 deliveries), Krunal Pandya (41 not out off 22), Ishan Kishan (40 off 29) and Hardik Pandya (22 not out off 20) were the main contributors for the hosts.
 
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After CSK captain Dhoni won the toss and elected to field first, these four Mumbai batsmen helped the hosts recover from a poor start which resulted from the dismissals of openers Ervin Lewis (0) and Rohit Sharma (15) inside 20 runs.
 
While seamer Deepak Chahar got an LBW verdict against Lewis, Sharma was dismissed after a top-edge off veteran medium pacer Shane Watson was caught by Ambati Rayudu at backward point.
 
Ishan and Suryakumar shared 78 runs for the third wicket to pull the hosts out of trouble. But the stand was ended by Australian Watson, who got rid of the latter by having him caught by Harbhajan Singh at deep square leg in the 13th over.
 
Ishan then fell to South African leg-spinner Imran Tahir, leaving his side at 113/4 in 14.4 overs.
 
Thereafter, the Pandya brothers began their partnership. Though the national team star Hardik struggled to get big hits, his elder sibling Krunal dealt some lusty blows.
 
Left-hander Krunal hit two fours and five sixes as his blitz lifted Mumbai to a challenging total at the Wankhede Stadium.
 
Brief scores: Mumbai: 165/4 (Suryakumar Yadav 43, Krunal Pandya 41 not out, Ishan Kishan 40, and Hardik Pandya 22 not out; Shane Watson (2/29), Deepak Chahar (1/13) vs Chennai 169/9 (Dwayne Bravo 68, Kedar Jadhav 24; Mayank Markande 3/23)
 
IANS
 
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IPL: Mumbai Indians post 165/4 vs Chennai Superkings

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Mumbai Indians posted 165/4 in 20 overs against Chennai Super Kings (CSK) in the opening match of the 11th Indian Premier League (IPL) Twenty20 cricket tournament here on Saturday.
 
Suryakumar Yadav (43 off 29 deliveries), Krunal Pandya (41 not out off 22), Ishan Kishan (40 off 29) and Hardik Pandya (22 not out off 20) were the main contributors for three-time champions Mumbai.
 
After CSK captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni won the toss and elected to field first, these four Mumbai batsmen helped the hosts recover from a poor start which resulted from the dismissals of openers Ervin Lewis (0) and Rohit Sharma (15) inside 20 runs.
 
While seamer Deepak Chahar got an LBW verdict against Lewis, Sharma was dismissed after a top-edge off veteran medium pacer Shane Watson was caught by Ambati Rayudu at backward point.
 
Ishan and Suryakumar shared 78 runs for the third wicket to pull the hosts out of trouble. But the stand was ended by Australian Watson, who got rid of the latter by having him caught by Harbhajan Singh at deep square leg in the 13th over.
 
Ishan then fell to South African leg-spinner Imran Tahir, leaving his side at 113/4 in 14.4 overs.
 
Thereafter, the Pandya brothers began their partnership. Though the national team star Hardik struggled to get big hits, his elder sibling Krunal dealt some lusty blows.
 
Left-hander Krunal hit two fours and five sixes as his blitz lifted Mumbai to a challenging total at the Wankhede Stadium.
 
Brief scores: Mumbai: 165/4 (Suryakumar Yadav 43, Krunal Pandya 41 not out, Ishan Kishan 40, and Hardik Pandya 22 not out; Shane Watson (2/29), Deepak Chahar (1/13) vs Chennai.
 
IANS
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Shutdown strike affects normal life in TN

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Normal life was affected in Tamil Nadu on Thursday due to a DMK-led shutdown strike over the Centre's failure to set up a Cauvery Management Board (CMB).
 
In Chennai, skeletal government buses were plying on the roads while autorickshaws stayed off. But radio taxis were available.
 
Suburban and long distance train services were also being operated as usual, a Southern Railway official told IANS.
 
There were brief protests on the rail tracks in Salem and Tirunelvelli.
 
Members of the DMK including leader M.K. Stalin along with its allies gathered on the arterial Anna Salai here and protested against the setting up the CMB.
 
In Tirunelvelli, DMK cadres protested in front of a passenger train and but the police managed to disperse them.
 
In the hosiery town Tiruppur, units were shutdown in support of the strike.
 
However petrol bunks stayed open and milk supply was not affected.
 
As per reports reaching here, shops in Erode, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Sivaganga, Ramanathapuram downed their shutters.
 
In neighbouring Puducherry, transport services were affected while three buses belonging to Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation were damaged.
 
The Supreme Court on February 16 reduced Tamil Nadu's share of Cauvery water from 177.25 thousand million cubic feet (TMC), which was less than the 192 TMC allocated by a tribunal in 2007. Karnataka's share of water was increased by 14.75 TMC.
 
The Centre failed to set up the CMB within six weeks of the apex court's February 16 order. The deadline ended on March 29.
 
IANS
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Hunger strike, train blockage, shops closed in TN over Cauvery issue

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Tamil Nadu on Tuesday saw hunger strikes, blocking of trains, and traders downing their shutters in protest against the Central government's failure to set up the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) despite a Supreme Court order.
 
The ruling AIADMK held a day-long hunger strike across the state with Chief Minister K.Palaniswami and Deputy Chief Minister O.Panneerselvam sitting on fast here while in districts, the protest was led by other ministers and party leaders.
 
The protest, that began at 8 a.m., concluded 5 p.m.
 
Speaking at the venue, Palaniswami blamed rival DMK for the state not getting Cauvery waters. He said the DMK government in the state did not renew the water sharing agreement with Karnataka in 1974 which in turn resulted in the current situation.
 
Meanwhile DMK leader M.K. Stalin termed AIADMK's hunger strike as a drama.
 
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Stalin said instead of condemning the BJP-led Central government for not constituting the CMB, the AIADMK has practiced low-level politics by blaming his party and the Congress for the Cauvery issue. He said the AIADMK fast is a drama just to show that they too protested for Cauvery water.
 
The DMK and its allies, who have also called for a shut down strike on Thursday, continued their protests by blocking suburban trains. Some of the protesters were taken into custody, the police said.
 
Abiding to a call by the traders association, several shops across the state were closed.
 
The top court in its February 16 verdict had reduced the Tamil Nadu's share of Cauvery water from 177.25 thousand million cubic feet (TMC), which was less than 192 TMC allocated by a tribunal in 2007.
 
On the other hand, Karnataka's share of water was increased by 14.75 TMC.
 
The Centre has failed to set up the CMB within six weeks of the apex court's February 16 order. The deadline ended on March 29.
 
Tamil Nadu political leaders say the Bharatiya Janata Party was acting in favour of Karnataka, which is opposed to the CMB and where Assembly elections are due.
 
IANS
 
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AIADMK begins hunger strike over Cauvery issue

 
TN CM, Deputy CM begin hunger strike on Cauvery issue
 
 
Tamil Nadu's ruling AIADMK began their statewide hunger strike on Tuesday in protest against the Central government's failure to set up a Cauvery Management Board (CMB) despite a Supreme Court order.
 
Chief Minister K.Palaniswami and Deputy Chief Minister O.Panneerselvam participated in the strike here, while in districts, the protest was led by other ministers and party leaders.
 
The protest that began at 8 a.m., will conclude at 5 p.m.
 
The top court by its February 16 verdict had reduced the Tamil Nadu's share of Cauvery water from 177.25 thousand million cubic feet (TMC), which was less than 192 TMC allocated by a tribunal in 2007. 
 
On the other hand, Karnataka's share of water was increased by 14.75 TMC.
 
The Centre has failed to set up the CMB within six weeks of the apex court's February 16 order. The deadline ended on March 29.
 
Tamil Nadu political leaders say the BJP is acting in favour of Karnataka, which is opposed to the CMB and where Assembly elections are due.
 
IANS
 
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DMK protests in Tamil Nadu over Cauvery water issue

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The DMK on Monday staged protests here against the Central Government for not setting up the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) as per the Supreme Court's orders.
 
Party members protested in several places in the city including the arterial Anna Salai stretch in Saidapet here affecting traffic.
 
The DMK had announced that it would conduct protests in the coming days against the Centre.
 
The party along with its allies has called for a shutdown strike on April 5 over the Cauvery issue.
 
The Centre has failed to set up the Cauvery Management Board within six weeks of the Supreme Court's order of February 16. The six-week deadline ended on March 29.
 
Tamil Nadu political leaders say the BJP is acting in favour of Karnataka, which is opposed to the CMB and where Assembly elections are due.
 
The parties also decided to organise a 'Securing Cauvery Rights March' from the Cauvery Delta region in the state to Raj Bhavan here in which leaders of all political parties and the public would participate.
 
Black flags would be shown to Prime Minister Narendra Modi whenever he comes to Tamil Nadu for not constituting the CMB, the DMK had announced on Sunday.
 
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SC to hear TN Cauvery plea on Monday

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The Supreme Court will hear later on Monday Tamil Nadu's plea seeking contempt proceedings against the Centre for its failure to set up the Cauvery Management Board (CMB).
 
"We will hear it on Monday and resolve the issue," a bench headed by Chief Justice Deepak Mishra said after Advocate G. Umapathy, appearing for the Tamil Nadu government, mentioned the matter for an early hearing.
 
IANS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Veteran Tamil movie director C. V. Rajendran passes away

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Veteran movie director C.V.Rajendran, who was ailing for sometime, passed away here on Sunday. He was 81.
 
Rajendran has directed popular movies in Tamil like "Galatta Kalyanam", "Sumathi En Sundari" and "Raja" starring Sivaji Ganesan and J.Jayalalithaa who later became Tamil Nadu's Chief Minister.
 
He also directed other popular movies like "Vani Rani", "Sivagamiyin Selvam", "Ponnoonjal", "Maalai Sooda Va", "Garjanai" and several others in Tamil starring Sivaji Ganesan, Jaishankar, Kamal Haasan and Rajinikanth.
 
Many of the songs in his movies were big hits.
 
Hailing from a village near Madurantakam, Rajendran was related to another popular Tamil movie director C.V.Sridhar, with whom he worked during his initial days.
 
Apart from Tamil movies, Rajendran had also directed movies in Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi.
 
IANS
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Cauvery issue: DMK leader M K Stalin taken into custody

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DMK leader M.K. Stalin was taken into custody on Sunday while protesting against the Central government for not setting up the Cauvery Management Board (CMB).
 
Led by Stalin, leaders of Congress and VCK parties protested at Valluvar Kottam here. A large number of DMK activists participated in the event.
 
Addressing the crowd, Stalin said a statewide shutdown would take place on April 5, blocking trains and buses. 
 
Black flags would be shown to Prime Minister Narendra Modi whenever he comes to Tamil Nadu for not constituting the CMB, the party said.
 
Besides Stalin, Congress leader S. Thirunavukkarasar and members of the Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi (TVK) including party chief T. Velmurugan were also arrested.
 
TVK members damaged a toll booth at Ulundurpettai, around 205 km from here.
 
The Centre has failed to set up the Cauvery Management Board within six weeks of the Supreme Court's order of February 16. The six-week deadline ended on March 29.
 
Tamil Nadu political leaders say the BJP is acting in favour of Karnataka, which is opposed to the CMB and where Assembly elections are due.
 
IANS
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TN's ruling AIADMK to organise hunger strike on April 3 over Cauvery issue

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With anger sweeping Tamil Nadu over the Centre's failure to set up a Cauvery Water Management Board (CMB), the ruling AIADMK announced a hunger strike on April 3 and Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K. Palaniswami hinted the state will move the Supreme Court with a contempt plea against the Centre.
 
Reports have it that the contempt plea may be filed in the apex court on Saturday.
 
The AIADMK, which first announced that the hunger strike programme will be held on April 2, subsequently postponed it by a day to April 3. 
 
On the rival front, the DMK demanded that the Chief Minister convene a meeting of his cabinet and pass a resolution condemning the Central government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi over the Cauvery issue.
 
DMK leader M.K. Stalin also said after a meeting of the party Executive Council that the state government should file a contempt of court petition in the Supreme Court against the Modi government for not setting up the CMB within six weeks, which deadline expired on Thursday.
 
Seething with anger against the Central government for not setting up the CMB, political parties in Tamil Nadu are planning protests including hoisting black flags in condemnation.
 
At a wedding function in Madurai, AIADMK Coordinator and Deputy Chief Minister O. Panneerselvam had said the AIADMK would go on a day's hunger strike on April 2 at all district headquarters.
 
He said the government of late Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa would take all steps to protect the rights of Tamil Nadu.
 
In his speech, Palaniswami said the AIADMK had created "history" in Parliament by disrupting the Lok Sabha's functioning for the last 17 days continuously. "Such a disruption has not been done in the history of the Lok Sabha in support of a demand of a state.
 
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"The Centre has failed to implement the Supreme Court order on the constitution of the CMB. We want the Centre to implement it. And we will take legal steps in this regard," Palaniswami said in an apparent reference to the moves to approach the Supreme Court.
 
Tamil Nadu Fisheries Minister D. Jayakumar told reporters in Chennai that the state government would fight for its rights and it was "friendly" with the Modi government only to get various developmental projects approved.
 
Stalin said the Tamil Nadu government should have approached the apex court with a contempt petition when the Union Minister for Water Resources and the Union Water Resources Secretary spoke against the apex court order on constituting the CMB.
 
He said the party would show black flags to Prime Minister Modi, who is reportedly set to visit Tamil Nadu on April 15. He also said the DMK would sit with like-minded parties to decide what type of protests should be held on the issue.
 
A DMK Executive Council meeting condemned both the Central and state governments.
 
PMK founder S. Ramadoss accused the Centre of "betraying" Tamil Nadu's interests and said people of the state would not believe the state government on the issue.
 
Party activists led by Ramadoss and former Union Minister Anbumani Ramadoss hoisted black flags on their houses.
 
Tamil Nadu parties allege that the Modi government did not set up the CMB as it does not want to alienate voters in neighbouring Karnataka, which is opposed to the Supreme Court order.
 
IANS
 
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Ousted AIADMK leader V. K. Sasikala's husband M. Natarajan passes away

 
V K Sasikala's husband Natarajan passes away
Natarajan Maruthappa, husband of ousted AIADMK leader V. K. Sasikala who is serving a four-year jail term in Benguluru after being convicted in a corruption case, passed away at a private hospital here in the early hours of today.
 
He was 75.
 
Natarajan died due to multiple organ failure at 1.35 am at the Gleneagles Global Hospital here, sources said.
 
The hospital said that doctors made every possible effort to revive Natarajan, but he did not recover. Natarajan had undergone a liver and kidney transplant in 2017.
 
Natarajan had been admitted to the hospital on Saturday with severe chest infection and was put on ventilator support.
 
The sources said Natarajan's body, which was kept at his Besant Nagar residence here for people to pay homage, would be taken later today to his village in Thanjavur district for the last rites.
 
Natarajan was a former public relations officer with the Tamil Nadu government. Later, he ran a Tamil magazine called Puthiya Paarvai.
 
Ms. Sasikala, who had been granted parole in October last year when Natarajan underwent the kidney transplant, was again allowed parole today after the demise of Natarajan.
 
Sasikala, a close aide of late AIADMK leader J Jayalalithaa, had surrendered before a trial court inn Bengaluru on February 15, 2017 to serve out the rest of her four-year sentence in a corruption case that basically involved the former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister. She was at that time the General Secretary of the AIADMK and she had appointed her nephew T T V Dhinakaran as Deputy General Secretary. Their appointments were nullified by  the party on September 12, 2017.
 
Natarajan himself had been expelled from the AIADMK by Ms. Jayalalithaa in 2011.
 
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Indian Overseas Bank repays debt of $500million Medium Term Notes

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Public sector Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) today said it had successfully repaid $ 500 million (second tranche) of medium term notes (MTN) on the due date February 21, 2018. 
 
The bank had issued $ 1 billion MTN in two tranches of $ 500 million each, of which the first tranche was repaid on October 19, 2016.
 
IOB had raised these funds for business expansion and lending purpose in the year 2011 and 2012 from its Hong Kong branch for its overseas branches, a press release from the bank.
 
"In the last sixteen months, the Bank has embarked on a path of turnaround and made impressive strides on the fronts of reduction of operating expenditure, increase in Operating Profit, NPA reduction, arresting the asset quality slippage, improvement in Provisioning Ratio for impaired credit, increase in CASA base i.e its Low Cost - No Cost deposits etc. The bank has also maintained its business base stable despite adverse market conditions," the release added.
 
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CBI arrests Karti Chidambaram in INX Media case on his return from London

Karti P Chidambaram
Karti P Chidambaram
Karti Chidambaram, a businessman and son of former Union Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, was arrested by the Central Bureau  of Investigation (CBI) at the Chennai International Airport on his return from London this morning for his alleged role in the INX Media case.
 
The CBI had filed a case against Karti Chidambaram after the Enforcement Directorate had alleged irregularities in the clearance accorded by the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) to INX Media, a media company, for bringing in foreign direct investment (FDI).
 
Karti Chidambaram, 46, is accused of having received kickbacks to help secure permission for investment of around Rs. 300 crore in  the television company by using his influence at a time when his father was the Finance Minister.
 
The CBI had initially said that he had received a sum of Rs. 10 lakh, but sources in the agency later said there was evidence that the amounts involved were higher.
 
Karti Chidambaram was taken into custody by the CBI on his arrival in Chennai this morning. He was being questioned by CBI officials and was likely to be flown to Delhi later in the day, sources indicated.
 
The Congress said the arrest was a diversionary tactic by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led NDA government and a case of political vendetta.
 
"Classical diversionary tactic to hide Scams & Colossal Corruption that is being exposed on a daily basis,be it NiMo+Choksi,D.D.Jewellers and Rotomac. Modi Govt continues its vendetta against Sh. P. Chidambaram. Won’t deter the Congress from bringing the truth to the people," Congress spokesperson Randeep Singh  Surjewala said on Twitter.
 
BJP leaders, however, denied the allegation and said the investigative agencies were only doing their job. "There is no political vendetta," he said.
 
INX Media was owned at that time by Peter Mukherjee and his wife Indrani Mukherjee, who are currently in jail in connection with the murder of Sheena Bora, who was Ms. Mukherjee's daughter from an earlier marriage. 
 
As part of their investigations, the CBI and the ED had, in recent months, searched premises of the Chidambarams and Karti Chidambaram was questioned a few times.
 
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Kanchi Shankaracharya Jayendra Saraswathi passes away at 82

Shankaracharya Jayendra Saraswathi
Shankaracharya Jayendra Saraswathi
Shankaracharya Jayendra Saraswathi, the 69th pontiff of the Kanchi Mutt, passed away this morning at Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, the Mutt said.
 
He was 82.
 
The Shankaracharya, who had been in poor health for much of last year, had been taken to a hospital after complaining of breathing difficulties. He breathed his last around 9 am today.
 
"The 69th Acharya of Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam Jagadguru Pujyashri Jayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya Swamigal attained Siddhi at 9.00 am today - Shukla Trayodashi - 28 Feb. 2018 at Sri Kanchi Kamakotii Peetam Sankara Matam, Kanchipuram," a brief announcement on the Mutt's website said.
 
Born as Subrahmanyam Mahadev on July 18, 1935, at Irulneeki in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu, he was nominated by his predecessor Chandrashekarendra Saraswati Swamigal as his successor and was given the pontifical title Sri Jayendra Saraswathi on March 22, 1954. He assumed charge as the as the Peetathipathi of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham on March 22, 1994 after the demise of Sri Chandrasekharendra Sarawathi Swamigal.
 
Jayendra Saraswathi was the 69th pontiff of the Kanchi Mutt, established by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century. 
 
He had travelled throughout the country and expanded the activities of the Mutt in areas such as education, health, employment, temple renovation and so on.
 
He was among those charged in the 2004 murder of a Kancheepuram temple employee and was arrested on November 11, 2004 on charges of being a part of the conspiracy. Nine years later, he and 22 others were cleared of charges in the case.
 
Jayendra Saraswathi had given "sanyasa-deeksha" to a boy in his early teens, given him the name Sankara Vijayendra Saraswati and nominated him as his successor Acharya.
 
The 70th  Pontiff, Vijayendra Saraswati, 48, was born on March 18, 1969 at Peripalayam, a village near Arani in Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu.
 
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Gadkari lays foundation stone for National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts at IIT Chennai

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Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping and Water Resources Nitin Gadkari today laid the foundation stone for a National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC) at the Indian  Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai today. 
 
The Ministry of Shipping and IIT Chennai also signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) at the event.
 
NTCPWC, being set up under the Shipping Ministry’s flagship programme Sagarmala, will act as a technology arm of the Ministry of Shipping for providing engineering and technological inputs and support for Ports, Inland Waterways Authority of India and other institutions.
 
It will carry out applied research in the areas of 2D and 3D modelling of ocean, coastal and estuarine flows, sediment transport and morphodynamics, navigation and manoeuvring, dredging and siltation, port and coastal engineering-structures and breakwaters, autonomous platforms and vehicles, experimental and CFD modelling of flow and hull interaction, hydrodynamics of multiple hulls and ocean renewable energy.
 
The centre will provide indigenous software and technology, make technical guidelines and standards and address port and maritime issues with models and simulations.
 
The centre will not only help generate new technology and innovations but also work towards their successful commercialization.  It will provide learning opportunities for the people working in Ministry of Shipping.
 
NTCPWC is being set up at a cost of Rs 70.53 crore to be shared by Ministry of Shipping, IWAI and the Major Ports. Ministry of Shipping’s grant is towards capital expenditure for creating facilities like Field Research Facility (FRF), Sedimentation and Erosion Management Test Basin and Ship/Tow Simulator.
 
The centre will be self-sustainable in three years through industry consultancy projects for Indian and global port and maritime sector, the release added.
 
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Modi to visit two States, two UTs over the next two days

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit two States  -- Gujarat and Tamil Nadu -- and two Union Territories -- Daman & Diu and Puducherry -- in the next two days.
 
An official press release said Mr. Modi would reach Daman tomorrow and launch various development projects, and hand over certificates to beneficiaries of various official schemes. He will address a public meeting.
 
The Prime Minister will then travel to Tamil Nadu. In Chennai, he will attend an event to mark the inauguration of the Amma Two Wheeler Scheme – a welfare scheme of the State Government.
 
On Sunday, the Prime Minister will visit Puducherry. At Aurobindo Ashram, he will offer floral tributes to Shri Aurobindo, and interact with students of Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education. 
 
Mr. Modi will also visit Auroville. He will release a commemorative postage stamp on the Golden Jubilee celebrations of Auroville. He will deliver an address on the occasion. He will also address a public meeting in Puducherry.
 
On Sunday evening, Mr. Modi will be in Surat in South Gujarat, to flag off the “Run for New India Marathon".
 
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Make mother tongue mandatory at least up to high school level, says Venkaiah Naidu

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Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu today appealed to all State Governments to make mother tongue a mandatory subject at least up to high school level.
 
Delivering the 11th Convocation Address at Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Mr Naidu said a child can grasp and understand better in his or her own mother tongue than any other language.
 
They will be able to communicate and articulate their thoughts effectively in their native language. “We can usually express our thoughts much better in our mother language,” he added.
 
Since language and culture are intertwined, there is an absolute need to strengthen indigenous languages including the many languages spoken by many tribal groups. Language is the lifeline of a culture and in a way defines the larger social milieu in which a society lives, he added.
 
The Vice-President said lives of the great people must be a part of the history curriculum for all students including medical students. A country which forgets its history and culture will never prosper.
 
The private sector must play a bigger role in developing health infra. The society has given a lot to the medical students and they must give back to the society by way of serving the rural population by working at least for two years in rural areas.
 
There is an acute shortage of doctors as also healthcare facilities in the rural area and drastic changes must be made to make healthcare accessible to everyone, he added.
 
“Though we have a long way to go to realise the fullest potential of our educational initiatives, India has remarkably transformed its higher education landscape for the last two decades.
 
“As a result, India has not only bettered its figures on enrolment but has dramatically enhanced its learning outcomes. India has 70 million student population; a force to reckon with. Among them are potential thought leaders, researchers, academicians, entrepreneurs and executives,” Mr Naidu said.
 
India’s post-secondary education system is increasingly recognized as one of the best in the world. India has emerged as a regional hub of education and attracts global learners from all over the world. Students, faculty and employers now flock to India to learn, teach and recruit as India dons the mantle of a higher education leader and emerges as the role model for delivering high-quality education to vast numbers at an affordable cost, he said.
 
“India is one of the largest providers of global talent, with one in four who graduate in the world being a product of the Indian system. Tamil Nadu has performed remarkably well in the area of education and has emerged as the leader in the country in terms of Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education,” he added.
 
In a bid to improve the health infrastructure as also the manpower, the government has recently approved the setting up of 24 new government medical colleges. As a result, it is expected that there will be one medical college for every three Parliamentary Constituencies and at least one medical college in every State. Ultimately, the aim should be to have one medical college for every district in the country, Mr. Naidu said.
 
Ayushman Bharat Yojana is another initiative that seeks to provide quality healthcare to about 50 crore people in the country. There is also a need to step up budgetary allocations to healthcare sector by various State Governments and the Union Government, he added.
 
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Stone Age tools found in TN suggest reframing of ‘Out of Africa’ theories

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Armed with newly discovered Stone Age tools in a village near Chennai, Indian scientists are challenging the popular scientific theory that the Middle Palaeolithic was brought to India by modern humans dispersing from Africa only around 125,000 years ago or later.
 
The new evidence suggests that a Middle Palaeolithic culture was present in India around 385,000 years ago — roughly the same time that it is known to have developed in Africa and in Europe.
 
Middle Palaeolithic period is considered an important cultural phase associated with modern humans and Neanderthals as well as other archaic hominins. Stone tools of this period are used by scientists as proxy for studies of early human behaviour.
 
The prehistoric stone tools excavated from Attirampakkam village about 60 kilometers from Chennai push back the period when populations with a Middle Palaeolithic culture may have inhabited India.
 
The new study appeared in international scientific journal Nature on Wednesday.
 
“Our study presents a paradigm shift in thinking about the origin and spread of Middle Palaeolithic cultures in South Asia, suggesting a far greater antiquity and more complex story than we thought,” Professor Shanti Pappu of Sharma Centre for Heritage Education, who led the research team, told India Science Wire.
 
In the absence of direct evidence in the form of fossils, the evolution of humans in Eurasia is often charted by changes in toolkits. Researchers studied over 7000 stone artefacts from Middle Palaeolithic layers at Attirampakkam. These tools collectively show a shift away from Acheulian technologies towards Middle Palaeolithic strategies such as the distinctive stone-knapping known as Levallois technique, presence of points, tanged points and blade technologies. Specific luminescence dating method was used to date tool-bearing sediments.
 
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“Without fossils we cannot pinpoint the species, but we can suggest that multiple hominin dispersals associated with Middle Palaeolithic culture were occurring far earlier than around 125 thousand years ago with complex patterns, processes and interactions between species,” Prof Pappu added.
 
The presence of full-fledged Middle Palaeolithic culture in India long before any modern human migrations out of Africa brought these technologies implies that either such migrations may have occurred earlier than previously thought and may have played a role in development of the Middle Palaeolithic culture in India.
 
Understanding the transition to the Middle Palaeolithic outside Europe and Africa is vital to the study of the lives and times of hominins in Eurasia, especially the appearance and subsequent migrations of anatomically modern humans within and out of Africa.
 
The archaeological site at Attirampakkam was discovered in 1863 by R. B. Foote and subsequently investigated by several scholars in the 1930s and 1960s. Prof Pappu and Dr Kumar Akhilesh from the Sharma Centre have been excavating at this place since 1999. The present work was conducted in collaboration Prof Yanni Gunnell from the University of Lyon, France; Prof Ashok K. Singhvi, Haresh M. Rajapara and Dr. Anil D. Shukla from the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad.
 
“What this site has taught us is to expect the unexpected, and it is a deeply humbling experience when preconceived ideas crumble around us. When we got the dates, we immediately realised the implications were mind-blowing. Dr. Akhilesh and I went back to the table to crosscheck our data again and again and to re-examine the stone artefact assemblages to be sure of our interpretation,” recalled Prof Pappu.
 
(India Science Wire)
 
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