The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) yesterday released the Draft Report
of the Internal Working Group (IWG), headed by Mr B Mahapatra, on Implementation of Countercyclical Capital Buffer (CCCB) in India.
In the aftermath of the financial crisis in 2008, the Group of Central Bank Governors and Heads of Supervision (GHOS) showed commitment to introducing Countercyclical Capital Buffer Framework.
Subsequently, in July 2010, the Basel Committee issued a consultative Document on Countercyclical Capital Buffer titled "Guidance for national authorities operating countercyclical capital buffer".
Against this backdrop, the RBI set up an Internal Working Group (IWG) under the Chairmanship of Mr Mahapatra,its Executive Director, to create a CCCB framework for banks in India.
In the second quarter review of the Monetary Policy Statement of 2013-14, the RBI had stated that the draft report of the IWG would be placed on its website by November 30, 2013.
A press release from RbI said the IWG approached the implementation framework keeping two main issues in mind. First, the structural changes that the Indian economy has been going through should be considered in calibrating the indicator/s for CCCB imposition; secondly, being an emerging economy, the maximum potential growth may not have been achieved by it so far and hence CCCB imposition should not stifle the possibility of the same.
According to the release, the key recommendations of the IWG are:
While the credit-to-GDP gap shall be used for empirical analysis to facilitate CCCB decision, it may not be the only reference point in the CCCB framework for banks in India and the credit-to-GDP gap may be used in conjunction with other indicators like Gross Non-Performing Assets (GNPA) growth for CCCB decisions in India.
The CCCB decision may be pre-announced with a lead time of four quarters.
The lower threshold (or L) of the CCCB when the buffer is activated may be set at 3 percentage points of the credit-to-GDP gap, provided its relationship with GNPA remains significant and the upper threshold (or H) may be kept at 15 percentage points of credit-to-GDP gap.
The CCCB shall increase linearly from 0 to 2.5 per cent of the risk weighted assets (RWA) of the bank based on the position of gap between 3 percentage points and 15 percentage points. However, if the gap exceeds 15 percentage points, the buffer shall remain at 2.5 per cent of the RWA. If the gap is below 3 percentage points then there will not be any CCCB requirement.
The supplementary indicators shall include incremental C-D ratio for a moving period of three-years (along with its correlation with credit-to-GDP ratio gap and GNPA growth), Industry Outlook (IO) assessment index (along with its correlation with GNPA growth) and interest coverage ratio (along with its correlation with credit-to-GDP gap). In due course, indices like House Price Index / RESIDEX and Credit Condition Survey may also form a part of the supplementary indicators for CCCB decision.
The CCCB framework in India may be operated in conjunction with sectoral approach that has been successfully used in India over the period of time.
For all banks operating in India, CCCB shall be maintained on solo basis as well as on consolidated basis in India.
The indicators and thresholds used for CCCB decisions may be subject to continuous research and empirical testing for their usefulness and new indicators may be explored to support CCCB decisions.
The release said that comments on the report may be e-mailed or forwarded by December 31, 2013 to the Principal Chief General Manager, Department of Banking Operations and Development, Reserve Bank of India, Central Office, Mumbai-400 001.
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