RIL, GE sign partnership to provide IIOT solutions in oil, gas, power, other sectors

Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) Chairman and Managing Director Mukesh Ambani with GE Chairman and CEO Jeff Immlet at the signing of an agreement in the IIOT space between the two companies.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) Chairman and Managing Director Mukesh Ambani with GE Chairman and CEO Jeff Immlet at the signing of an agreement in the IIOT space between the two companies.
Energy and petrochemicals major Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) and digital industrial company GE today said they had signed a global partnership agreement in the Industrial IOT (IIOT) space whereby they would work together to build out joint applications on GE’s Predix platform. 
The first-of-its-kind partnership marks the coming together of two of the world’s largest industrial conglomerates to provide Industrial IOT solutions to customers in oil & gas, fertilizer, power, healthcare, telecom and other industries, a press release from RIL said.
The agreement was signed in the presence of Jeff Immelt, Chairman and CEO, GE and Mukesh Ambani, Chairman and Managing Director, RIL, it said.
The release said GE would provide its Predix cloud offering, Industrial Internet applications and data science expertise. RIL will develop solutions on Predix as an Independent Software Vendor (ISV), bringing to bear its over 30 years of data, process and operational expertise. RIL will also offer nationwide connectivity infrastructure to customers through a 4G network powered by Jio. GE would offer the security, availability and monitoring aspects of the platform to RIL and its customers. The potential for other revenue streams includes telecom, healthcare and agriculture, it said.
According to the release, the benefits to customers include driving operational efficiencies, profitability and new revenue streams by making use of data and analytics. 
"A one per cent productivity gain for companies creates ~ USD 250 billion value over 15 years, across these key energy and infrastructure industries. The digital market is growing at a fast pace with IIOT contributing the highest degree of growth at over 10 per cent. According to Gartner, there exists a market opportunity of over USD 25 billion by 2022 for IIoT solutions across the four key industries of oil & gas, power, healthcare and transportation," it said.
“India’s potential in driving the migration to digital is well appreciated. The partnership with Reliance Industries will shape the future of the Industrial Internet not just in India but globally. The possibilities that it opens to develop solutions on our Predix platform for the industrial sector are endless,” said Mr. Immelt.
“India needs to rapidly move to the next level of smart manufacturing which leverages big data, algorithms, and sensor technology. The presence of ubiquitous high bandwidth connectivity and cloud services enabled by Jio will be a key enabler for the rapid growth of IIOT within India. Indians have been in the forefront of creating smart and innovative solutions in a number of fields. It’s time we brought smart manufacturing capability into India by providing value added IIOT solutions for the industry that will enable India’s economic growth,” said Mr. Ambani.
The release said digital solutions have the potential to save billions of dollars each year. Use of data as the fuel and analytics as the growth engine promises to drive disruptive and positive changes across the industrial landscape, it added.

RBI tells banks to waive ATM charges for all transactions till Dec 30

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided that banks shall waive levy of ATM charges for all transactions (inclusive of both financial and non-financial transactions) by savings bank customers done at their own banks’ ATMs as well as at other banks’ ATMs, irrespective of the number of transactions during the month.
The waiver of charges on ATM usage will be effective from November 10, 2016 till December 30, 2016, subject to review, a press release from RBI said here yesterday.
The decision has come in the wake of the difficulties being faced by people across the country in getting cash from banks and ATMs after the Government's sudden decision on November 8 to demonetise Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes.

India’s forex reserves rise by $ 1.075 billion to $ 368.232 billion

India’s foreign exchange reserves rose by $ 1.075 billion to $ 368.232 billion in the week ended November 4, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said here today.
The country’s forex reserves had increased by $ 16.6 million to $ 367.157 billion in the previous week.
In its weekly statistical supplement, the central bank said that foreign currency assets, which constitute a major chunk of the forex reserves, had gone up by $ 1.982 billion to $ 343.927 billion during the week.
Foreign currency assets expressed in US dollar terms include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies such as the euro, pound and yen held in the reserves.
According to the bulletin, the country’s gold reserves reduced by $ 945.5 million to $ 20.461 billion, while its special drawing rights (SDRs)  increased by $ 14.4 million to $ 1.476 billion.
India's reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) fell by $ 23.2 million to $ 2.368 billion, the bulletin added.

HSBC, Reliance complete India's first digital export transaction

Banking and financial services major HSBC and energy and petrochemicals giant Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) have announced that they have recently completed a landmark digital transaction, e-Presentation, involving the electronic presentation of export documents under a Letter of Credit. 
This paves the way for faster, cost-efficient settlement of cross-border trade, a press release from the bank said.
Instead of exchanging documents under a Letter of Credit through physical movement, as would be normal practice, the partners e-presented documents through a digital platform built by London-based Bolero, it said. 
In doing so, they were able to settle the trade in a single day thus improving the cash-to-cash cycle. A paper based documentary credit transaction typically takes upto 15 days to settle.
Aditya Gahlaut, Head of Global Trade and Receivables Finance for HSBC India, said: “This first step we’ve taken with e-Presentation has big implications for companies in India and elsewhere. It shows that the participants in a cross-border trade – from producers to banks and shippers – are willing to collaborate to achieve an end-to-end digital transaction. It also shows that collaboration is worthwhile, optimising companies’ working capital so they can move on to their next deal sooner.”
"The Indian government has been driving the ‘Make in India’ agenda and expects exports to fuel economic growth. Even though the export growth rate is expected to outrun the country’s GDP growth which is at approximately 7.5%, cross border trade is regulated by multiple government agencies and involves extensive procedural requirements, making it paper intensive. Technology is thus expected to play a critical role in transforming the paper based trade finance business into a digitally driven business; making the movement of documents faster, cutting costs and optimising working capital," he said.
Soumyo Dutta, Group Treasurer for Reliance Industries Limited said, “Reliance expects global trade to make a rapid shift to electronic platforms in the coming years. This transaction marks the first step in evolving the ecosystem where all the key players participate to drive efficiencies and lower costs.”
The release said digitisation of trade communication and documentation is imperative both as an enabler for the growth as well as a tool for all stakeholders to monitor and facilitate the same.
"HSBC and Reliance have taken a lead in this strategic initiative, which is an industry first for India. After the successful completion of the first e-Presentation transaction, HSBC India will make e-Presentation available to its other Global and Commercial Banking clients," it said.
Stuart P Milne, Group General Manager & CEO, HSBC India, said, “As the world’s leading international trade bank, we have the responsibility to play the lead in the digital transformation of the trade finance landscape.  This transaction is a significant move in that direction."
"We have built the required capability to support this industry-leading initiative and will continue to make investments in the digitisation of trade to support our customers and engage stakeholders in building a sustainable trade finance ecosystem," he added.

Demonetisation: Banks to remain open for public on Saturday, Sunday

All scheduled and non-scheduled banks, including public, private, foreign, cooperative, regional rural and local area banks, will remain open for public on Saturday, November 12 and Sunday, November 13.
This has been done in view of the huge rush of people expected to visit banks in the coming days to exchange Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes, which ceased to be legal tender at midnight on Tuesday night as part of the Government's fight against black money, corruption and terror-funding.
All banks were closed for a day yesterday and there were long queues outside most bank branches across the country as people lined up to exchange the old high denomination notes for new currency notes or those of lower denomination so that they could make essential purchases and meet various items of expenditure.
A press release from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said the banks were advised to keep all their branches open on the two days as regular working days for transacting all business. Banks may give due publicity about availability of banking services on these days, it said.
Consequently, Payment Systems (RTGS, NEFT, Cheque Clearing, Repo, CBLO and Call markets) shall remain open on Saturday and Sunday, the central bank said.
"All participants/member banks are advised to facilitate operations on the above payment systems for their customers on November 12 and 13, 2016 as on regular working days. Banks may give due publicity about availability of above payment system services on these days," the RBI added.

L&T signs agreement with Chiyoda for flue gas desulphurisation technology

Infrastructure major Larsen & Toubro (L&T) today said it had signed a long-term Technical Licence Agreement with Chiyoda Corporation of Japan for its Chiyoda Thoroughbred 121TM (CT-121TM) Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) Technology.
The agreement grants L&T exclusive rights to undertake EPC of CT-121TM FGD Systems, a press release from the company said.
According to the release, the new emission norms for coal-based thermal power plants in India, notified vide MoEFCC Gazette dated December 7, 2015, introduced new limits on sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions. The move which makes Indian emission norms among the most stringent in the world, has called for mandatory installation of FGD systems in upcoming power plants, including those currently under construction and many that are already operational.
Mr. Shailendra Roy, CEO & MD-L&T Power and Whole-Time Director (Power, Heavy Engineering & Defence) - L&T, said: “As a responsible corporate citizen, L&T is committed to containing emissions and has always complied with the relevant government norms. The agreement with Chiyoda Corporation is yet another major step in that direction.”
Mr. Ryosuke Shimizu, Director & Sr.Vice President (Technology Development, Investment & Project Operations) - Chiyoda Corporation said, “We are very happy to contribute to India’s development of energy and environment in harmony with our own technology.”
According to the release, the CT-121TM FGD process is a unique technology developed by Chiyoda in which sulphur dioxide is absorbed from flue gas generated by coal-fired, oil-fired and other types of boilers and removed as gypsum. Unlike conventional processes in which the reagent slurry is sprayed on flue gas, the CT-121TM process uses Chiyoda’s unique absorber, the Jet Bubbling Reactor (JBR), in which the flue gas is blown into the reagent slurry, forming a fine bubble bed where SO2 is absorbed, oxidised by injected air, and then neutralised by ground limestone slurry.
"This technology is highly efficient, enabling low-cost removal of flue gas SO2. Moreover, it ensures that the plant remains compact and easy to maintain," the release said.
L&T and Chiyoda’s relationship dates back over two decades with L&T-Chiyoda Limited, a joint venture that has come to be an internationally reputed design and engineering consultancy organisation catering to the hydrocarbon sector. Through the signing of this agreement, the two companies have extended their association into the power sector as well, the release added.

L&T-MHPS Boilers signs agreement with MHPS for Selective Cataytic Reduction systems

L&T-MHPS Boilers Private Limited (LMB), a joint venture of infrastructure major Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Limited (MHPS), Japan, today said it had signed a Technology Licence Agreement for Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems with MHPS.
The technology licensing agreement is for design, engineering, manufacture, installation, commissioning, and sale of new boilers under BTG, EPC or SG packages or standalone SCR systems, and for existing and under construction boilers on exclusive basis in India, a press release from the company said.
The new emission norms for coal based thermal power plants in India, notified vide MoEFCC Gazette dated December 7, 2015, introduced limits on oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions.
"This move, has made Indian emission norms one of the most stringent in the world. The new norms have called for mandatory installation of SCR systems in upcoming power plants, including those currently under construction and many existing power plants," the release said.
Mr. Shailendra Roy, CEO and Managing Director-L&T Power, and Whole-Time Director (Power, Heavy Engineering & Defence), L&T, said, “This strengthens L&T’s capability to cater to power plant requirements meeting new emission norms and contribute to the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative.”
LMB is currently executing 12 units of supercritical/ultra-supercritical steam generator packages of 660 MW capacity in India totaling 7,920 MW. In addition, six supercritical units (660/700 MW) have already achieved commercial operation, the release said.
LMB is also executing nine export orders for the supply of pulverisers and pressure parts for various MHPS projects in Japan and Indonesia. It has already executed eight MHPS export orders with the supply of pressure parts, pulverisers and engineering services to Middle East, Africa and South East Asia, it added.

RBI’s OC approves its first S4A scheme for HCC for structuring of stressed assets

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI)-mandated Overseeing Committee (OC) has approved the Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A) for infrastructure major Hindustan Construction Company Ltd.
The ICICI-led Joint Lenders’ Forum had proposed the scheme for the company.
With this, HCC has become he first company to secure approval by OC under the RBI’s S4A scheme, which is expected to set precedent for future approvals, a press release from the company said.
HCC’s total funded debt estimated at Rs. 5,107 crore has been considered under the S4A scheme which will be divided into two parts: Part A (sustainable debt) - Rs 2,681 crore  ( 52.50%) and Part B (unsustainable debt) – Rs 2,426 crore ( 47.50%).
The release said the Lenders would subscribe to 24.44% fresh equity (Rs 1,008 crore assuming Rs 40 rate) which will bring down the promoter holding from 36.07% to 27.44%. The share price will be determined as per Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines and accordingly debt will go down to the extent of conversion amount, it said.
The balance portion of Part B, will be converted into Optionally Convertible Debentures (OCD) for 10 years with coupon @ 0.01%, 11.5% YTM.
“The S4A scheme will help the company bridge the gap of Cashflow Timing Mismatch between claims realization (including its interest) and debt servicing," Mr. Praveen Sood, Group CFO, HCC said.
"The move comes at an opportune time as HCC is already on recovery path with order book growth of over 30% in last one year. We feel that it’s a positive move for HCC and will bring sustained long term solution for the company. Also, Cabinet decision for release of around Rs. 2000 crore (75% of arbitration award) payment will further strengthen HCC’s position.”
The release said that, within the next 4-8 weeks, various steps are expected to be completed, including individual bank board final approval for the Resolution Plan; HCC Board approval on S4A scheme; signing of Master Agreement; and EGM for equity shares & OCD.
According to it, parallel to this, the company is also following up with government agencies and public sector undertakings (PSUs) to get 75% of arbitration awarded in its favour as per the directive of the Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs (CCEA).
"HCC is immediately expecting release of around Rs. 2000 crore from these already awarded arbitrations. In last couple of years, HCC took up recovery of its dues amounting to Rs. 11,000 crore from the government agencies through arbitration proceedings or contractual procedure. HCC already got arbitration awards in its favor worth Rs 3,427 crore up to September 30, 2016. Further claims worth around Rs 4,173 crore are in arbitration process. About 70% of these cases were at the initial stage of arbitration process and the company has already given consent to transfer these cases under new arbitration act. As such, the company expects to get these additional awards within next 12 months duration further improving its cash position," the release added.

Reliance Industries says to challenge $ 1.55 billion penalty imposed by govt.

Energy and petrochemicals major Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) today said it would challenge the $ 1.55 billion penalty imposed on it and its two foreign partners, BP Plc and Niko Reosurces Limited, for allegedly extracting gas which had migrated from offshore fields allocated to the public sector Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) adjacent to their block in the Krishna-Godavari Basin.
The Mukesh Ambani-led RIL owns 60 percent stake in the block while BP and Niko Resources hold 30 percent and 10 percent, respectively.
"Earlier today, constituents of the Contractor (RIL, BP and Niko) for block KG-DWN-98/3 (KG D6) have received a communication from the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. Based on the recommendations of the Shah Committee, the Government has made a claim of about USD 1.55 billion against the Contractor parties in respect of gas said to have migrated from neighbouring blocks," a statement from RIL said.
"In carrying out petroleum operations, the Contractor has worked within the boundaries of the block awarded to it and has complied with all applicable regulations and provisions of the Production Sharing Contract (PSC).  The claim of the Government is based on misreading and misinterpretation of key elements of the PSC and is without precedent in the oil & gas industry, anywhere in the world," it said.
The statement said that, according to the Government, the Contractor is restricted to producing only that quantity of hydrocarbon as they existed at the point in time when the PSC was signed. 
"This approach overlooks the fundamental fact that at that stage the work of exploration of the block has not even commenced and a complete lack of data makes it impossible to estimate the quantity of hydrocarbons available in the block. 
"The liability of the Contractor has not been established by any process known to law and the quantification of the purported claim is without any basis and arbitrary.
"RIL proposes to invoke the dispute resolution mechanism in the PSC and issue a Notice of Arbitration to the Government. RIL remains convinced of being able to fully justify and vindicate its position that the Government’s claim is not sustainable," the statement added.

GoAir announces special offers for passengers on 11th anniversary

Low-cost carrier GoAir today announced various special offers for passengers to mark its 11th anniversary.
The airline has also introduced low fares, starting from Rs. 611 (Base+YQ) across 21 cities of the 23 cities operated by it, with Leh and Port Blair being the exceptions.
A press release from the airline said every 11th customer who books on its website will get a free ticket (Base + YQ waived). Every 111th customer who books on the website will get a hotel stay voucher of 40% discount from Hotel Lemon Tree, it said.
Every 1111th customer who books on the airline’s website will get return tickets for a couple and hotel stay of 2 nights/3 days free. 
Eleven customers who book during the offer period will get Guess wrist watch free, it said.
To avail the opportunity, passengers need to book through Booking period will be from 4th November to 8th November, 2016 for the travel period from 11th January to 11th April, 2017. Booking class will be on M & N for limited seats only. This offer is not valid on infant bookings. Group discount is not applicable on this offer and this offer cannot be clubbed with any other on-going promotional offer, the release said.
Fares are non-refundable in case of cancellation and re-booking will be INR 2225 per passenger per segment, the release added.

India's forex reserves rise by $ 16.6 million to $ 367.157 billion

India’s foreign exchange reserves increased by $ 16.6 million to $ 367.157 billion in the week ended October 28, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said here today.
The country’s forex reserves had gone up by $ 1 billion to $ 367.140 billion in the previous week.
In its weekly statistical supplement, the central bank said that foreign currency assets, which constitute a major chunk of the forex reserves, had gone up by $ 21.6 million to $ 341.944 billion during the week.
Foreign currency assets expressed in US dollar terms include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies such as the euro, pound and yen held in the reserves.
According to the bulletin, the country’s gold reserves remained unchanged at $ 21.406 billion, while its special drawing rights (SDRs) went down by $ 1.9 million to $ 1.461 billion.
India's reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) fell by $ 3.1 million to $ 2.344 billion, the bulletin added.

Reliance Jio says Airtel has provided 7,007 additional points of interconnection to it

Telecom services provider Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (RJIL) today said it had been provided 7,007 additional points of interconnection by incumbent player Airtel.
This followed meetings held by the Minister of Communications and the Chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) with the CEOs of Airtel, Vodafone, Idea and RJIL earlier this week on the subject of breach of Quality of Service (QOS) parameters.
"RJIL expects these E1s, for which intimation has been received today, to be operationalized by the teams of Airtel and RJIL in the coming days," a press release from RJIL said.
"This allocation was long overdue considering the severe hardships caused to the customers of both operators in being able to connect voice calls between the two networks. More than 280 crore calls have failed between RJIL and Airtel over the last three and a half months because of absolute shortage of POI capacity," it said.
According to RJIL, all operators have a mandatory and unconditional obligation under the license to provide adequate POIs to all the other operators. This is irrespective of the status of operations of the other operators or the traffic pattern and is not a favour to any operator.
"The contention that regulatory obligations permit to provide interconnect in a period of 90 days is misplaced considering the severe QOS and congestion issues that the non-provision of POIs has caused. There is no entitlement of timing when it comes to such severe breach of QOS as against the 90 days indicated by Airtel.
"RJIL would like to reiterate that there has been no delay in operationalising POIs at its end. On the contrary, RJIL has been consistently following up with Airtel and the other incumbent operators over the last several months for augmentation of interconnection capacity. These requests had been denied by Airtel and the other incumbent operators in complete breach of their license conditions.
"There are no network related issues that RJIL has faced beyond the acute shortage of POIs provided by Airtel and other incumbent operators. It may be noted that there are no failures in on-net calls, while over 4.6 crore calls are still failing every day between Jio and Airtel. RJIL hopes that this situation will improve now that Airtel has consented to offering additional POIs.However, Airtel has continued to violate the Interconnection Agreement by offering one-way E1s as against both-way E1s as provided for in the Agreement, which would have resulted in much more efficient utilisation of interconnection resources.
"RJIL hopes that Airtel will continue to release adequate POIs going forward to ensure that it adheres to the QOS parameter of POI congestion mandated by TRAI regulation at less than 5 per 1,000 calls at all times.
"With regard to the traffic asymmetry issue, the current traffic pattern is completely in line with what is expected in a new network. It would tend to move towards balanced traffic as the network matures and has sufficient scale," the release added.

India's forex reserves rise by $ 1 billion to $ 367.140 billion

India's foreign exchange reserves increased by $ 1 billion to $ 367.140 billion in the week ended October 21, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said here today.
In its weekly statistical supplement, the central bank said that foreign currency assets, which constitute a major chunk of the forex reserves, had gone up by $ 1.015 billion to $ 341.923 billion during the week.
Foreign currency assets expressed in US dollar terms include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies such as the euro, pound and yen held in the reserves.
According to the bulletin, the country’s gold reserves remained unchanged at $ 21.406 billion, while its special drawing rights (SDRs) went down by $ 5.4 million to $ 1.463 billion.
India's reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) fell by $ 8.8 million to $ 2.348 billion, the bulletin added.

Sun Pharma to acquire Ocular Technologies

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd today said it would acquire 100 percent of Ocular Technologies, Sarl (OTS), a portfolio company of Auven Therapeutics (Auven), an international private equity company focused on accelerated development of breakthrough therapeutic drugs.
A press release from the company said definitive agreements had been executed in this regard by its wholly owned subsidiary.
OTS owns exclusive, worldwide rights to Seciera (cyclosporine A, 0.09% ophthalmic solution). Sun Pharma will pay Auven $ 40 million upfront, plus contingent development milestones and sales milestones as well as tiered royalty on sales of Seciera as consideration for this acquisition, it said.
Seciera is currently in a Phase-3 confirmatory clinical trial for the treatment of Dry Eye Disease, an inflammatory ocular disease affecting approximately 16 million people in the United States alone. Seciera is a patented, novel, proprietary formulation of cyclosporine A 0.09%. It is a clear, preservative-free, aqueous solution. In a completed Phase 2b/3 clinical trial in 455 patients, Seciera demonstrated a rapid onset of action and was well tolerated by the study population. Based on the published data in literature, the efficacy and safety endpoints in these trials compared favorably to other formulations of cyclosporine A, the release said.
“This potential acquisition signifies continued momentum in enhancing our global branded specialty portfolio,” Mr. Dilip Shanghvi, Managing Director, Sun Pharma, said.
“Coupled with our existing pipeline consisting of BromSite, DexaSite and Xelpros, this initiative will enable Sun Pharma to significantly expand its ophthalmic presence and reach millions of patients globally," he said.
“This is an important milestone for us,” said Jerry St. Peter, Vice President and Head, Sun Ophthalmics. “As a specialty business dedicated solely to the needs of eye care practitioners and their patients, Sun Ophthalmics is excited at the potential to expand our existing portfolio. We hope to bring Seciera, to ophthalmologists and optometrists globally and participate in a dynamic market that is estimated to reach almost US$ 5 billion worldwide by 2020.” 
“The arrival of a potential novel cyclosporine formulation for patients suffering from Dry Eye Disease is very exciting,” noted Kendall E. Donaldson, MD, MS, Associate Professor of Ophthalmology and Co-Director Cornea Fellowship, Bascom Plamer Eye Institute. “Dry Eye Disease is a complex, chronic condition that affects patient quality of life, often significantly. As practitioners, we require as many tools in our armamentarium as possible to afford patients the best chance at effective, lasting treatment and improved quality of life. The positive clinical trial results for Seciera, indicates great potential for patients and practitioners alike.” 
The transaction is subject to approval of the US Federal Trade Commission as required under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act and other closing conditions, and is expected to be completed by end of 2016, the release added.
Dry Eye Disease, as defined by the National Health Institute (NHI), occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. In addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye may occur along with dry eye. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea, and some loss of vision. 
Dry eye can make it more difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time, and it can decrease tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an airplane. Other names for dry eye include dry eye syndrome, keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), dysfunctional tear syndrome, lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis, evaporative tear deficiency, aqueous tear deficiency, and LASIK-induced neurotrophic epitheliopathy (LNE). 

Navneet acquires Britannica’s India Curriculum Division

Navneet Education Ltd today announced that it had reached an agreement to acquire Britannica’s Indian curriculum business. 
"This strategic move will help expand Navneet’s range of curricular offerings in the Indian school market, nationally," a press release from the company said.
Britannica India’s Curriculum Division designs and develops educational products for the Indian region used by nearly 5 million students across India and Indian schools abroad. By partnering with Navneet, Britannica India’s curriculum business will expand its products range and further accelerate its growth, the release said.
Under the agreement, the current Britannica business unit will become an independent company within Navneet and will realize considerable synergies with Navneet’s larger Indian group. The company will market Britannica’s existing India-specific curriculum titles, such as ‘Know for Sure’ and ‘The English Channel’ as well as develop new titles under Britannica’s brand, editorial supervision and guidelines for seven years.
The company led by its current chief executive Sarveshwar Shrivastava together with the entire team, both companies said, will benefit from its new parent company’s knowledge of the Indian educational and publishing markets.
Chicago-headquartered Britannica Inc. will continue to offer in the region its award-winning digital education solutions.
Announcing the acquisition, Navneet’s Director Anil Gala said, “The coming together of the two companies will help enhance Navneet’s footprint and access to newer markets. It will also significantly augment Navneet’s intellectual property.”
Britannica Inc. President Jorge Cauz commended Navneet for its commitment to continue Britannica’s tradition of editorial excellence. “We look forward to a fruitful collaboration and partnership. We intend to work closely with Navneet to find ways to benefit from our shared commitment to serve the students, teachers and schools of India," he added.
Navneet is looking to invest Rs. 85 crore-Rs. 90 crore for this business, the release added.
Navneet, founded by the Gala Family in 1959, is one of the leading educational syllabus-based content providers in print and digital media, manufacturer of scholastic paper and non-paper stationery products. Over the decades, Navneet has emerged as the preferred brand of educational content amongst teachers and students, particularly in Western India where it has become a household name. Navneet has published more than 5500 titles in English, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu and other Indian and foreign languages, making it one of the most dominant players in the field of educational publishing in India. 
Navneet’s products are sold under the brands ‘Navneet’, Vikas’, ‘Gala’, ‘Grafalco’, ‘Ffunn’, ‘Boss’ and ‘YOUVA’. Its stationery products are exported to the United States, Europe, and parts of Africa and Middle East. 
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. is a global leader in education publishing with engaging and trustworthy products that promote knowledge and learning. The 248-year old company is a pioneer in digital education, and its products are marketed around the globe. The company is headquartered in Chicago.
Encyclopaedia Britannica India (EBI) is one of India’s leading Pre K-12 curricular educational publishers that started publishing operations in India in 2009. It has an extensive product catalogue comprising educational, instructional and information products as well as technology solutions and is fast moving into a major player designing learning solutions for the 21st century learners. EBI offers specialized curricular learning solutions consisting of textbooks, interactive student and teacher resources, and teacher training materials. EBI has a pan-India presence with footprint of over 14,000 schools. 

Tata Sons Board replaces Cyrus Mistry as Chairman, Ratan Tata named interim Chairman

In a surise move, Tata Sons on Monday announced that its Board had replaced Mr. Cyrus P. Mistry as Chairman and named former Chairman Ratan Tata as Interim Chairman of the company.

Cyrus P. Mistry
Cyrus P. Mistry
In a surprise move, Tata Sons today announced that its Board had replaced Mr. Cyrus P. Mistry as Chairman and named former Chairman Ratan Tata as Interim Chairman of the company.
"The decision was taken at a Board meeting held here today," a press release from the company said.
"The Board has named Mr. Ratan N. Tata as Interim Chairman of Tata Sons," it added.
The release said the Board had constituted a Selection Committee to choose a new Chairman.
The Committee comprises Mr. Ratan N. Tata, Mr. Venu Srinivasan, Mr. Amit Chandra, Mr. Ronen Sen and Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya, as per the criteria in the Articles of Association of Tata Sons. 
"The committee has been mandated to complete the selection process in four months," the release added, without giving any reasons for the sudden move.
Tata Sons is the promoter of all key Tata companies and holds the bulk of shareholding in these companies. The chairman of Tata Sons has traditionally been the chairman of the Tata group.
About 66 per cent of the equity capital of Tata Sons is held by philanthropic trusts endowed by members of the Tata family. The biggest of these trusts are the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, which were created by the families of the sons of Jamsetji Tata.
The Tata Group comprises over 100 operating companies in seven business sectors: communications and information technology, engineering, materials, services, energy, consumer products and chemicals.
The group has operations in more than 80 countries across six continents, and its companies export products and services to 85 countries. .
Ratan Tata
Ratan Tata
The Board of Tata Sons had, on November 23, 2011, appointed Mr. Mistry,  48, as Deputy Chairman of the company to succeed Mr. Tata as Chairman when he retired in December 2012.
Mr. Tata had, at that time, said Mr. Mistry's appointment was a "good and far-sighted choice". 
Mr. Mistry is the younger son of Pallonji Mistry, the largest individual shareholder in Tata Sons. He has been a Director of Tata Sons since August 2006. He is a graduate of Civil Engineering from Imperial College, London, and has a Master of Science in Management from the London Business School.
Before taking over as Deputy Chairman of Tata Sons, Mr. Mistry was Managing Director of Shapoorji Pallonji Group, the infrastructure and construction major.
Mr Tata, 78, served as Chairman of Tata Sons from 1991 to December 2012. During his tenure, the group's revenues grew 12-fold. He retired at the end of December 2012 when he reached the age of 75 as per company policy.
Mr Tata joined the Tata Group in 1962. He was appointed Director-in-charge of the National Radio and Electronics Company (NELCO) in 1971. In 1981, he was made Chairman of Tata Industries, another promoter company of the Group.
Later, Mr. Tata sent a letter to all Tata Group employees saying that he had agreed to serve as Interim Chairman in the interest of stability of reassurance to the Tata Group.
"The Board of Directors of Tata Sons has, in its meeting today, replaced Mr. Cyrus P. Mistry as Chairman with immediate effect.
"A new management structure is being put in place and a Selection Committee has been constituted to identify the next Chairmanof Tata Sons. The Committee has been mandated to complete the process in four months. In the interim, the Board has requested me to perform the role of the Chairman and I have agreed to do so in the interest of stability and reassurance to the Tata Group," he said in the mai.

Vice-Admiral S. N. Ghormade takes over as DG, Naval Operations

Vice-Admiral S. N. Ghormade assumed the charge of Director General Naval Operations at the Integrated Headquarters of Ministry of Defence (Navy) here yesterday.
The Flag Officer was commissioned into the Indian Navy on January 1, 1984. He is a graduate of National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune. He attended United States Naval Staff College at Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island and the Naval War College, Mumbai.
In addition to a specialisation in Navigation and Direction within the Navy, the Admiral holds an M. Phil. in Defence and Strategic Studies from University of Mumbai, M.Sc. Defence and Strategic Studies from University of Madras and Master's degree in Personnel Management from Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (University of Pune).
During his career spanning over 32 years, his operational appointments include commands of the Guided Missile Frigate INS Brahmaputra, Submarine Rescue Vessel INS Nireekshak and Minesweeper INS Allepey and second in command of Guided Missile Frigate INS Ganga.
His important staff appointments ashore include Principal Director of Personnel, Director Naval Plans and Joint Director Naval Plans at Naval Headquarters (as separate assignments), Director (Military Affairs) at the Ministry of External Affairs, Local Work Up Team (West), Instructor at Navigation Direction School and National Defence Academy.
Upon promotion to the Flag Rank in 2012, the Flag officer has held the appointments of Assistant Chief of Personnel (Human Resources Development) and Flag Officer Commanding Karnataka Naval Area. Prior taking over as DGNO he was the Flag Officer Commanding Maharashtra Naval Area.
The officer is the recipient of the Nau Sena Medal in 2007 from the President of India and Commendation by Chief of Naval Staff in 2000.

TRAI says Reliance Jio tariff plans compliant with prevailing regulations

Telecom services provider Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (RJIL) has said that it has received communication from Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) stating that the tariff plans offered by it are fully compliant with regulatory norms of IUC compliance, non-predatory and non-discriminatory. 
"This clearly establishes the fact that all the tariffs offered by RJIL are in compliance with the prevailing regulations. A key feature of RJIL’s tariff packs is free voice calling for Local, STD and National roaming for all times," a press release from the company, a subsidiary of Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), said.
The release said that, as per RJIL’s filing with the TRAI, the Jio Welcome Offer (JWO) will be available to all the customers for subscription till 3rd December 2016. 
"RJIL wishes to reconfirm that JWO benefits of free unlimited voice and data will continue to be available to all subscribers till 31st December 2016," it said.
"The consumers, who cannot subscribe to the RJIL services till 3rd December 2016 will continue getting opportunities to avail new offers and tariff plans from RJIL.RJIL aspires to provide the experience of Jio Digital life to all Indians and to achieve this it will continue coming up with more consumer friendly offers and plans to enhance the consumer experience," it added.

RIL reports 17.9% growth in standalone net profit at Rs. 7704 crore in Q2

Energy and petrochemicals major Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) today reported a record standalone net profit of Rs. 7704 crore for the second quarter, ended September 30, up 17.9 percent from the same quarter in the previous year.
The group's consolidated net profit, excluding an exceptional item, increased by 43.1 percent to Rs. 7206 crore, the company said in a press release.
On a standalone basis, the company said its revenue (turnover) decreased by 0.3% to Rs. 64,344 crore, while exports decreased by 11.5% to Rs. 37,717 crore. 
The company reported a gross refining margin (GRM) of $ 10.1/bbl for the quarter as against $ 10.6/bbl in 2Q FY16. 
 “The company has achieved outstanding second quarter results with strong refining business performance and record petrochemicals segment earnings. Refining business sustained high profitability in a tough environment highlighting our exceptional refining assets, dynamic response to market trends and robust operations. Petrochemicals segment gained significantly from higher volumes, integration and supportive product margins," RIL Managing Director Mukesh D. Ambani
"Our projects in the hydrocarbon chain are at advanced stages of mechanical completion and pre-commissioning activities. These projects will further strengthen our position as a leading operator in the energy and materials businesses. We are delighted and humbled by the enthusiastic adoption of Jio by India. Jio is built to empower every Indian with the power of data," he said.
The company said that, in the second quarter, it achieved a turnover of Rs. 81,651 crore ($ 12.3 billion), an increase of 9.6%, as compared to Rs. 74,490 crore in the corresponding period of the previous year. Increase in revenue is primarily on account of increase in volumes in refining, petrochemical and retail businesses.
The release said cost of raw materials increased by 4.7% to Rs. 43,134 crore ($ 6.5 billion) from Rs.  41,191 crore on Y-o-Y basis primarily on account of higher volume of crude processed and increased petrochemicals production during the quarter.
Exports from India operations were lower by 11.5% at Rs. 37,717 crore ($ 5.7 billion) as against Rs. 42,636 crore in the corresponding period of the previous year due to lower product prices.
The second quarter of FY16 included exceptional items which represents the net impact on account of sale of an associate EFS Midstream LLC and provision for impairment in Reliance Holding USA Inc. The gain on sale of investment in EFS Midstream LLC was Rs. 4,574 crore while the provision for impairment in shale gas assets was Rs. 264 crore. In the reported financials of 2Q FY16 (based on IFRS), impairment was considered at Rs. 2,659 crore (net of taxes). With the migration to Ind AS with effect from 01.01.2015, and consequent fair valuing of the asset, the provision for impairment has been revised to Rs. 264 crore. Furthermore, based on independent expert opinion the company has not provided for deferred tax asset /liability on these transactions, the release said.
The company's outstanding debt as on 30th September 2016 was Rs.  189,132 crore ($ 28.4 billion) compared to Rs. 180,388 crore as on 31st March 2016.
Cash and cash equivalents as on 30th September 2016 were at Rs. 82,533 crore ($ 12.4 billion) compared to Rs. 89,966 crore as on 31st March 2016. These were in bank deposits, mutual funds, CDs and Government Bonds and other marketable securities.
In organized retail, RIL's revenues for 2Q FY17 grew by 63.0% Y-o-Y to Rs. 8,079 crore from ? 4,956 crore. The increase in turnover was led by growth in Digital, Fashion & lifestyle and petroleum products. During the quarter, Reliance Retail added 59 stores across various store concepts and strengthened its distribution network for consumer electronics. Omni commerce channel offerings and gained traction during the quarter. As on 30th September 2016, Reliance Retail operated 3,442 stores across 679 cities with an area of over 13 million square feet.

HCC Concessions starts toll operations for Farakka Raiganj Highway in West Bengal

HCC Concessions Ltd, a subsidiary of infrastructure and construction major Hindustan Construction Company (HCC), has commenced commercial operations of its Rs. 1,720 crore Farakka Raiganj Highways Ltd (FRHL) in Bengal. 
FRHL covers the busiest section of national highway (NH-34) over 100 km and passes through major towns such as Farakka, Kaliachawk, Malda, and Gajol, besides being the only link over the river Ganga in the region, a press release from the company said.
The project, which has a concession period of 30 years, forms an integral part of HCC’s Rs. 4,300 crore development of NH-34 across three contiguous stretches over 256 km between Baharampore and Dalkhola, it said.
The first leg between Baharampore to Farakka has been operational since May 2014 with a current daily collection of approximately Rs. 40 lakh, the release said.
Mr. Arjun Dhawan, Chairman of the Board, HCC Concessions said, “HCC’s development of NH-34 is among the largest PPP highway undertakings in the country. NH-34 is the backbone of the transport system in Bengal, which is the fourth most populous state in India and home to 90 million citizens. The completion of this mega project will have a multiplier effect on GDP growth as industrial investment and consumption is spurred due to swifter access and better logistics across the State. HCC is dedicated to the Nation’s service and we are proud of our rich history in completing such projects of national importance.”
The development of FRHL is supported by a consortium of nine lenders and the project has a concession period of 30 years. 
The construction of FRHL has involved over 130 structures including nine major bridges, 22 minor bridges, five underpasses and two toll plazas, with material coordination alongside National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and numerous State agencies. HCC Operations & Maintenance Ltd is the designated O&M contractor for the highway. 
Travel time for commuters in FRHL has been reduced materially, by approximately 5-6 hours during peak hours, while overall travel time between Kolkata and North Bengal will be cut by over half due to the complete four laning of NH-34, the release said.
NH-34 provides north-south connectivity between the capital region and the ports of Kolkata and Haldia to the north-eastern states of India. The west side of the highway borders Bihar and Jharkhand and the eastern side runs parallel to the Bangladesh border, where considerable import and export of goods occurs. NH-34 is the only viable route for commercial traffic over major rivers such as Bhagirathi, Ganga, Mahananda and Nagri in the region. Furthermore, it forms part of the critical route to neighbouring Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal. 
The entire border region of West Bengal and Jharkhand is very rich in mining, while crushing is done at major towns like Pakur, Rampurhat and Nalhatti. Stone and related aggregates are supplied to the industrial towns of Baharampore, Kolkata, Dhanbad, Asansol, Durgapur, Jamshedpur in the south and Farakka, Malda, Dalkhola, Bangladesh and New Jalpaiguri in the north. 

Two dead in fire at Maker Tower in Mumbai's Cuffe Parade area

Two dead in fire in Maker Tower at Cuffe Parade in Mumbai
Two persons died in a fire that broke out at Maker Towers, an iconic residential complex in the posh Cuffe Parade area in South Mumbai, here early this morning.
Fire Brigade officials told journalists that the two, who were trapped in a servant's room in one of the affected apartments in the "A" wing of the complex, were rushed to hospital, where they were declared dead.
At least 11 others -- members of a family that occupied the apartment on the 20th floor of the building as well as another on the 21st floor, which were connected to each other through an internal staircase -- were rescued by the Fire Brigade personnel, they said. "They are all safe now," they said.
The officials said the two people who died were working as domestic helps for the family which lived in the two worst-affected apartments. "They appeared to have had no chance to save themselves," they said.
Those rescued included residents of an adjacent apartment on the 20th floor, they said.
The fire broke out around 6.30 am, when most residents of the building were still indoors. There was panic and confusion on the affected floors for some time before the Fire Brigade personnel reached the site.
More than 10 fire tenders and water tankers reached the spot and brought the flames were brought completely under control by 8.30 am. Fire Brigade officials were, however, searching the affected apartments to ensure that no one was trapped there.
Fire Brigade officials said the cause of the fire could be ascertained only after an investigation into the incident. They said the task of the Fire Brigade was made easier by the fact that the fire fighting systems installed in the building worked well.

L&T Construction wins Railway order valued at Rs. 3799 crore

Infrastructure major Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has said that its construction arm has won an order worth Rs. 3799 crore from the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL).
The order was bagged by a consortium of L&T and Sojitz Corporation of Japan, a press release from the company said here yesterday.
The Design and Build Integrated Package involves the construction of Civil (Embankment, Structure, Tunnel), Track Works, Overhead Electrification, Traction Substations and Signalling & Telecommunication Works for double line electrified tracks with 2x25 kV AC, high rise Overhead Catenary System capable of operating at a maximum train speed of 100 km/h, from Rewari to Dadri (128 km), the release said.
The project is located at the northern end of Western Corridor and forms a link between the Eastern and Western Corridors. The works will be carried out between Rewari and Dadri (128 km) through the regions of Rewari-Alwar-Mewat-Gurgaon-Palwal-Faridabad-GB Nagar in the states of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. This section of 128 km is in a detour and a greenfield project.
With this win, L&T shall be constructing 1042 km out of the total 1464 km of track in the Western Corridor. In addition, L&T will be electrifying the entire Western Corridor from Dadri to JNPT covering 1,464 route km with over 3,330 track km of high rise electrification, the release said.
According to it, the section will be designed for 25 MT axle load track, 2x25 kV traction power system with high rise overhead equipment (OHE) and Intermediate block signalling suitable for double stack containers dedicated for freight transport. The scope of work includes construction of 315 track km of railway line, 29 major and 240 minor bridges, a long tunnel, 2 traction sub stations, 321 track km of OHE, SCADA works and intermediate block signalling (IBS) at five stations along with supply of all associated equipment.
The project shall be executed using mechanized means of track construction and overhead equipment installation using the latest technology in railway construction including a one-of-its-kind energy efficient system that will be implemented for the first time in India’s rail sector.
DFCCIL is a special purpose vehicle of the Indian Railways, mandated to build dedicated freight corridors. This project is funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and is part of the western corridor proposed between Dadri (near Delhi) and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (near Mumbai).

Reliance Communication to sell towers business to Brookfield for Rs. 11,000 crore

Telecom services provider Reliance Communications Ltd. (RCom) today said it had signed a non-binding term sheet with Brookfield Infrastructure Group in relation to the proposed acquisition of RCom's  nationwide tower assets and related infrastructure by Brookfield.
Under the term sheet, the specified assets are intended to be transferred from Reliance Infratel Ltd. (RITL) on a going concern basis into a separate SPV, to be owned by Brookfield, a press release from RCom said.
RCom will continue as an anchor tenant on the tower assets, under a long term MSA, for its integrated telecommunications business. The company will receive an upfront cash payment of Rs. 11,000 crore from the proposed transaction. It will also enjoy 49% future economic upside from the towers business, based on certain conditions, the release said.
"RCom and Brookfield expect considerable growth in tenancies based on increasing 4G offerings by all telecom operators, and the fast accelerating trends in data consumption, which are expected to contribute to significant growth in revenues and profitability for the towersbusiness in the future," the release said.
"RCom and Brookfield also see several opportunities for consolidation in the towers industry in India that will further enhance growth and value creation in the future," it said.
RCom said it intended to utilize the proceeds of the proposed transaction solely to reduce its debt. 
"The proposed transaction is subject to definitive documentation, customary approvals and certain other terms and conditions. Accordingly, there can be no certainty that a transaction will result. Further announcements will be made at an appropriate stage," the release added.
RCom is the flagship company of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. Brookfield is a leading global alternative asset manager with over $250 billion of assets under management. 

KKR-backed Emerald Media invests $50mn in YuppTV

Emerald Media, a pan-Asian platform established by investment firm KKR for investing in the media and entertainment sector, yesterday  announced that it has acquired a significant minority stake in YuppTV for $50mn. 
YuppTV is one of the world’s leading over-the-top (OTT) video platforms for South Asian content offering live TV, catch-up TV and movies on-demand in 14 languages across the globe. 
The growth capital will enable YuppTV to further its global footprint, expand its content library through original productions and acquisitions, and rapidly grow its paid subscriber base, a press release from the company said.
Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, YuppTV is an Internet Pay TV platform for South Asians, reaching more than 400 million households across the world. More than 5 million monthly visitors access YuppTV across 27 integrated devices – with a peak monthly traffic of 20 million.
YuppTV offers 250+ South Asian TV channels, 5000+ movies and 100+ TV shows to worldwide audiences, with a focus on the USA, UK, Middle East, Canada, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand and the Caribbean. 
"YuppTV continues to revolutionize the way TV and movies are viewed across the world with over 25,000 hours of entertainment content catalogued in its library, as well as nearly 5,000 hours of new on-demand content added to the YuppTV platform every day," the release said.
According to it, YuppTV has gained considerable popularity in India, having recently launched in the market. With an initial focus on South India, the company has gradually expanded to the rest of the country. It has also recently implemented advanced analytics-based real-time recommendations on Live TV, to make content more discoverable.
Uday Reddy, Promoter and CEO of YuppTV, said, “We couldn’t ask for a stronger partner than Emerald Media. YuppTV is a content distribution platform with a strong consumer connection, and Emerald Media has global media relationships.  We hope to leverage their relationships and existing assets Endemol, OML, Fluence and Graphic India to create original programming and make this platform a next generation distribution and content powerhouse.”
Rajesh Kamat, Managing Director of Emerald Media, said, “Emerald Media believes in driving change and value-creation by providing a distinctive combination of capital, domain knowledge and management bandwidth. The world is moving from traditional consumption to multiscreen delivery mediums. YuppTV provides a unique combination of technology, strong content relationships and revenues of scale and will be an anchor to our vision of building a new age media company.”
Paul Aiello, Managing Director of Emerald Media, added, “Uday and his team have created an exceptional online video platform with a loyal subscriber base that realizes the huge potential of the global Indian diaspora. Our investment and relationship will enable YuppTV to further their strong leadership position in the rapidly growing OTT space.”
In September 2015, YuppTV had raised its Series A round of funding from Poarch Creek Indian Tribe of Alabama.  YuppTV has had over 10 million mobile app downloads, in addition to 50 million pre-installs on Samsung TVs worldwide and 300,000+ downloads on LG Smart TV, making it one of the most downloaded Smart TV Apps. The YuppTV app is also the second most popular app in Android Play store in India (Entertainment) and the only South Asian app available on PS3 & PS4. In addition, YuppTV has launched its exclusive on-demand movie streaming service, YuppFlix, which is backed by a library of more than 5000 movies across various languages, the release said.

Businesswoman, philanthropist Parmeshwar Godrej passes away

Parmeshwar Godrej
Parmeshwar Godrej
Well-known businesswoman and philanthropist Parmeshar Godrej, wife of industrialist Adi Godrej, passed away at the Breach Candy Hospital here last night.
She was 70.
According to various sources, Ms. Godrej had been suffering from a lung disease for some years and was receiving medical treatment for it. She contracted an infection some days ago and was admitted to the hospital, where she breathed her last late on Monday night.
Ms. Godrej was a non-executive director of Godrej Properties Limited and also served as a director of Indian Hotels and Health Resorts Private Limited, as well as Gates Foundation - Avahan, The Gere Foundation, Cine Blitz Publications and The Palace School, Jaipur. 
She also served as a Member of India Advisory Board of The American India Foundation.
Ms. Godrej was also known for her work combating AIDS in India through the Heroes Project, launched in 2004 with renowned Hollywood actor Richard Gere. She was also associated with various projects related to women's and children's health.
Ms. Godrej was also very active on the Mumbai's social scene and was known as one of its most gracious and generous hosts.
Before getting married to Adi Godrej, Parmeshwar Godrej was one of the first air hostesses for national carrier Air India.
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