Cabinet approves continuation of Krishonnati Yojana

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) today gave its approval for the umbrella scheme, "Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana" in agriculture sector beyond the 12th Five Year Plan for the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20 with a Central Share of Rs 33,269.976 crore.       
It comprises 11 Schemes/Missions. These schemes look to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce, an official press release said.
The schemes include the mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) with a total central share of Rs 7533.04 crore. MIDH aims to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector; to enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm households.
The National Food Security Mission (NFSM), including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), has a total central share of Rs 6893.38 crore.  
It aims to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified districts of the country, restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy. 
It further aims to augment the availability of vegetable oils and to reduce the import of edible oils.
The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), with a total central share of Rs 3980.82 crore, aims at promoting sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management and synergizing resource conservation technology.
The Sub-mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE) has a total central share of Rs.2961.26 crore.  SMAE aims to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments, local bodies etc., achieving food and nutritional security and socio-economic empowerment of farmers.
It also seeks to institutionalize programme planning and implementation mechanism, to forge effective linkages and synergy amongst various stakeholders, to support HRD interventions, to promote the pervasive and innovative use of electronic / print media, interpersonal communication and ICT tools, etc.
The Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP) with a total central share of Rs 920.6 crore.  SMSP aims to increase production of certified / quality seed, to increase SRR, to upgrade the quality of farm-saved seeds, to strengthen the seed multiplication chain.
It also aims to promote new technologies and methodologies in seed production, processing, testing etc., to strengthen and modernizing infrastructure for seed production, storage, certification and quality etc.
The Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM) has a total central share of Rs 3250 crore.  SMAM aims to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low, to promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and the high cost of individual ownership.
It aims to create hubs for hi-tech and high-value farm equipment, to create awareness among stakeholders through demonstration and capacity building activities, and to ensure performance testing and certification at designated testing centres located all over the country.
The Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ) has a total central share of Rs 1022.67 crore.  SMPPQ aims to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc.
It also aims to shield India’s agricultural bio-security from the incursions and spread of alien species, to facilitate exports of Indian agricultural commodities to global markets, and to promote good agricultural practices, particularly with respect to plant protection strategies and strategies.
The Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES) has a total central share of Rs 730.58 crore. It aims to undertake the agriculture census, the study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country.
It also funds conferences/workshops and seminars involving eminent economists, agricultural scientists, experts and to bring out papers to conduct short-term studies, to improve agricultural statistics methodology and to create a hierarchical information system on crop condition and crop production from sowing to harvest.
The Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC) has a total central share of Rs 1902.636 crore. It aims to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and to speed up -      cooperative development in agricultural marketing, processing, storage, computerization and weaker section programmes.
It also aims to help cotton growers fetch a remunerative price for their produce through value addition besides ensuring supply of quality yarn at reasonable rates to the decentralized weavers.
The Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM) with a total central share of 3863.93 crore. ISAM aims to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure; to promote innovative and latest technologies and competitive alternatives in agriculture marketing infrastructure.
It also provides infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce; to establish a nationwide marketing information network and to integrate markets through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agricultural commodities.
The National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A) with a total central share of 211.06 crore aims to bring farmer centricity & service orientation to the programmes to enhance reach & impact of extension services.
It also seeks to improve access of farmers to information &services throughout crop-cycle; to build upon, enhance & integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States; and to enhance efficiency & effectiveness of programs through making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity.
The Schemes/Missions focus on creating/strengthening of the infrastructure of production, reducing production cost and marketing of agriculture and allied produce. These have been under implementation for varying duration during past few years.
All these schemes/missions were appraised and approved independently as separate scheme/mission. In 2017-18, it has been decided to club all these schemes/missions under one umbrella scheme 'Green Revolution - Krishonnati Yojana'.
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