Polling begins to elect new Vice-President, Naidu has edge over Gandhi

M. Venkaiah Naidu
M. Venkaiah Naidu
Gopalkrishna Gandhi
Gopalkrishna Gandhi
Polling began here this morning to elect a new Vice-President of India to succeed Mr. Mohammad Hamid Ansari, whose term of office will end on August 10, from two candidates: former Union Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu, who has been fielded by the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and former West Bengal Governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi, the Opposition nominee.
Voting, which  began at 10 am, will end at 5 pm. Counting of votes will be taken up this evening, and the result is expected to be announced in a few hours after that.
Mr. Ansari, 80, who was the candidate of the then ruling Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) was elected for a second five-year term in office on August 7, 2012. Earlier, he had served a five-year term as Vice-President from August 11, 2007.
An election to fill the vacancy to be caused by the expiration of the term of office of the outgoing Vice-President needs to be completed before the expiration of the term of the present incunbent. 
Article 324 of the Constitution read with the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952 and the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974, vests the superintendence, direction and control of the conduct of election to the office of the Vice-President of India in the Election Commission of India. 
The Vice-President is elected by the members of the Electoral College consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The nominated Members of Rajya Sabha  as well as  of Lok Sabha are also eligible to be included in the Electoral College and, therefore, are entitled to participate in the election.
In today's election, the electoral college consists of 233 elected and 12 nominated members of the Rajya Sabha and 543 elected members and two nominated members of the Lok Sabha, adding up to a total of 790.
The Election Commission of India has, in consultation with the Central Government, appointed the Secretary-General of the Rajya Sabha as the Returning Officer for the election. 
Mr. Naidu, 68, who was Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, and Information and Broadcasting until his nomination for the post, clearly has the numbers on his side in this contest, given the strength of the BJP and its allies in both Houses of Parliament.
He began his career in politics as a student leader and made his way through the ranks to the top of the BJP leadership. He had served as the President of the BJP from July 2002 to October 2004.
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu was born on July 1, 1949 at Chavatapalem in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. He has a B. A. degree from V. R. College, Nellore and a B. L. from the Law College, Andhra University at Visakhapatnam.
Plunging into student politics in 1971, Mr. Naidu was also associated with the Jayaprakash Narayan movement in 1974. He became the president of the youth wing of the Janata Party in Andhra Pradesh in 1977-80 and was elected for the first time as a member of the Legislative Assembly in Andhra Pradesh in 1978 and re-elected in 1983.
He served as president of the Andhra Pradesh unit of the BJP in 1988-93 and as General Secretary of the BJP in 1993-2000. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha in April 1998 from Karnataka. 
Mr. Naidu served as Minister of Rural Development from September 2000 to June 2002 in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government before becoming president of the party in July 2002.
He was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha for a second term from Karnataka in June 2004 and for a third term in June 2010.
He was appointed Minister for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Parliamentary Affairs in the Narendra Modi government from May 26, 2014. In June last year, he was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan for his fourth term. 
Mr. Gandhi, 72, the joint candidate of 18 Opposition parties led by the Congress, is a grandson of Mahatma Gandhi and has had a long career as a bureaucrat and diplomat and later as a writer and commentator on contemporary matters.
Among the parties supporting his candidature is the Janata Dal (United), which had since announcing its backing for him broken off its alliance with the Congress and the RJD in Bihar and aligned once again with the NDA.
Born on April 22, 1945, Mr. Gandhi is the son of Devadas Gandhi, son of Mahatma Gandhi, and Lakshmi Gandhi. His maternal grandfather was C. Rajagopalachari, the last Governor General of India. He is the younger brother of Rajmohan Gandhi, the late Ramchandra Gandhi and Tara Bhattacharjee, all distinguished in their own right.
A former officer of the 1968 batch of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) , he served as Secretary to the President of India and as High Commissioner to South Africa and Sri Lanka. He had also served as Secretary to Vice-President of India and as Ambassador to Norway and Iceland. He was appointed as Governor of West Bengal in 2004.
Mr. Gandhi has a Master's degree in Literature from St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi. He has authored one novel (Saranam, ­ "Refuge" in English) and a play in verse (Dara Shukoh). His other books are­ "Gandhi and South Africa", "Koi Acchha Sa Ladka" (translation into Hindustani of Vikram Seth's novel 'A Suitable Boy', "Gandhi and Sri Lanka", "Nehru and Sri Lanka", "India House, Colombo­ Portrait of a Residence", "Gandhi Is Gone. Who Will Guide Us Now? (edited), "A Frank Friendship/ Gandhi and Bengal: A Descriptive Chronology" (compiled and edited).
Mr. Gandhi has also served as Chairman of Kalakshetra Foundation, Chennai and as Chairman of the governing body of Indian Institute of Advanced Study. He has also been associated with the Ashoka University as a Professor of History and Politics.
Mr. Gandhi and his wife Tara Gandhi have two daughters.


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