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Salient Features of 19th Livestock Census

The following are the salient features of the 19th Livestock Census 2012 published by the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture here today:
  • The total livestock population consisting of Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Pigs, Horses & Ponies, Mules, Donkeys, Camels, Mithun and Yak in the country is 512.05 million numbers in 2012. The total livestock population has decreased by about 3.33% over the previous census.
  • Livestock population has increased substantially in Gujarat (15.36%), Uttar Pradesh (14.01%), Assam (10.77%), Punjab (9.57%) Bihar (8.56%); Sikkim (7.96%), Meghalaya (7.41%), and Chhattisgarh (4.34%).
  • The number of milch animals (in-milk and dry), cows and buffaloes, has increased from 111.09 million to 118.59 million, an increase of 6.75%.
  • The number of animals in milk, cows and buffaloes, has increased from 77.04 million to 80.52 million showing a growth of 4.51%.
  • The female cattle (cows) population has increased by 6.52% over the previous census (2007) and the total number of female cattle in 2012 is 122.9 million numbers.
  • The female buffalo population has increased by 7.99% over the previous census and the total number of female buffalo is 92.5 million numbers in 2012.
  • The exotic/crossbred milch cattle increased from 14.4 million to 19.42 million, an increase of 34.78%.
  • Indigenous milch cattle increased from 48.04 million to 48.12 million, an increase of 0.17%.
  • Milch buffaloes increased from 48.64 million to 51.05 million with an increase of 4.95% over previous census.
  • The total sheep in the country is 65.06 million numbers in 2012, declined by about 9.07% over census 2007.
  • The goat population has declined by 3.82% over the previous census and the total number of goats in the country is 135.17 million in 2012.
  • The total pigs in the country have decreased by 7.54% over the previous census and the total pigs in the country are 10.29 million numbers in 2012.
  • The population of horses & ponies has increased by 2.08% over the previous census and the total number of horses & ponies in the country is 0.62 million in 2012.
  • Mules in the country have increased by 43.34% over the previous census and the total number is 0.19 million in 2012.
  • Camel population has decreased by 22.48% over the previous census and the total number of camels in the country is 0.4 million numbers in 2012.
  • The donkey population in the country has decreased by 27.22% over the previous census and the total number of donkeys in the country is 0.32 million in 2012.
  • The total poultry population in the country has increased by 12.39% over the previous census and the total poultry in the country is 729.2 million numbers in 2012.
  • The total number of mithun and yak in the country has registered growth rates of 12.98% and -7.64%, respectively, over the previous census and the number of mithuns and yaks in the country is 0.29 million and 0.07 million, respectively..
Livestock Census started in the country in the year 1919 and has been conducted every five years since then.
 
The data is used for policy formulation and has wide utility in the field of planning and research activities. The 19th Livestock Census was conducted in the year 2012 with the participation of all States and Union Territories. The census covered all villages and towns/ wards in the country. The data of 19th Livestock Census was compiled at the Central level by setting up data entry centres in selected States considering the volume of work. The data validation processes were also carried out extensively with the help of State Governments and the error free data are made available for use in the current year. 
 
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