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16th Lok Sabha Elections -- Facts & Figures

File photo of voters in a queue to cast their votes in an election in India.
File photo of voters in a queue to cast their votes in an election in India.
Polling for the 16th Lok Sabha elections will be held on nine days on April 7, April 9, April 10, April 12, April 17, April 24, April 30, May 7 and May 12, according to the schedule announced by the Election Commission today.
 
*  Six constituencies in two states will go to the polls on April 7; seven in five states on April 9; 92 in 14 states on April 10; five in three states on April 12; 122 in 13 states on April 17; 117 in 12 states on April 24; 89 in nine states on April 30; 64 in seven states on May 7; and 41 constituencies in three states on the last day of polling on May 12.
 
*  As many as 21 states will have single-day polling, while five states will have two days of polling, five wil have three days of polling, two will five days of polling and two states will have six days of polling. 
 
*  Counting of votes will be held for all 543 constituencies on May 16 and all the results are expected to be in by that evening. Two members of the Lok Sabha are nominated from the Anglo-Indian community by the President, making for a total strength of 545.
 
*  The term of the present Lok Sabha will expire on May 31.
 
*  Of the 42 constituencies in Andhra Pradesh, 17 will go to the polls on April 30 and 25 on May 7. In Arunachal Pradesh, both constituencies will have polling on April 9.
 
*  Of the 14 constituencies in Assam, five will go to the polls on April 7, three on April 12 and six on April 24.
 
*  Bihar will have polling on six days, with 6 of the 40 seats going to the polls on April 10, seven each on April 17, 24 and 30 and May 7, and the remaining six on May 12. In Chhattisgarh, one seat will have polling on April 10, three on April 17 and the remaining seven on April 24.
 
*  Both seats in Goa will have polling on April 17. All 26 constituencies in Gujarat will have polling on April 30. All 10 constituencies in Haryana will have single-day polling on April 10. All four constituencies in Himachal Pradesh will go to the polls on May 7.
 
*  In Jammu & Kashmir, there will be five days of polling for the six seats in the state. One seat each will go to the polls on April 10, 17, 24 and 30 and two seats on May 7.
 
*  Polling will be spread across three days for the 14 seats in Jharkhand. Five seats each will go to the polls on April 10 and 17, and the remaining four on April 24.
 
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*  All 28 constituencies in Karnataka will go to the polls on April 17. Kerala, too, will have single-day polling for all 20 seats on April 10.  In Madhya Pradesh, of the 29 seats, nine will have polling on April 10, and ten each on April 17 and 24.
 
*  Polling will be spread over three days for the 48 seats in Maharashtra, with ten constituencies going to the polls on April 10 and 19 each on April 17 and 24.
 
*  In Manipur, one seat each will go to the polls on April 9 and 17. Both seats in Meghalaya and one each in Mizoram and Nagaland will have polling on April 9.
 
*  For the 21 seats in Odisha, polling will be held for ten on April 10 and for the remaining 11 on April 17. There will be single-day polling for all 13 seats in Punjab on April 30. There will be two days of polling for the 25 seats in Rajasthan. Twenty will see voting on April 17 and five on April 24.
 
*  The lone seat in Sikkim will have polling on April 12.  All 39 seats in Tamil Nadu will go to the polls on April 24. One of the constituencies in Tripura will have polling on April 7 and the other on April 12.
 
*  Uttar Pradesh, which accounts for the highest number of 80 seats in the Lok Sabha, will have six days of polling. Ten constituencies will have polling on April 10, 11 on April 17, 12 on April 24, 14 on April 30, 15 on May 7 and 18 on May 12. All five seats in Uttarakhand will have polling on May 7.
 
*  Polling will be held on five days for the 42 seats in West Bengal on April 17 (four seats), April 24 (six), April 30 (nine), May 7 (six) and May 12 (17).
 
*  There will be single day polling for the lone seats in Andaman & Nicobar Islands (April 10), Chandigarh (April 10), Dadra & Nagar Haveli (April 30), Daman & Diu (April 30), Lakshadweep (April 10) and Puducherry (April 24).
 
*  All seven seats in Delhi will also have single-day polling on April 10.
 
*  Elections would be held simultaneously to the Legislative Assemblies of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, whose terms will expire on June 2, June 7 and May 21, respectively.
 
*  Polling for these Assembly elections as well as for bye-elections for some Assembly seats, will be held along with their respective Parliamentary constituencies.
 
*  There are 23 casual vacancies in Legislative Assemblies of eight States as on March 3, bye-elections for which will be held along with the General Elections following the same schedule as for the relevant Parliamentary Constituency.
 
*  These are Maharajganj and Sahebpur Kamal in Bihar; Abdasa, Rapar, Himatnagar, Visavdar, Somnath, Lathi and Mandvi in Gujarat; Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh; Risod in Maharashtra; Hrangturzo in Mizoram; Unnao, Fatehpur, Rampur Khas and Vishwanath Ganj in Uttar Pradesh; Alandur in Tamil Nadu; and Kumargram, Naynaguri, Santipur, Chakdaha, Katulpur and Galsi in West Bengal.
 
*  The Model Code of Conduct for the Guidance of Political Parties and Candidates would go into effect immediately, with the announcement of the schedule.
 
*  The elections will be held on the basis of the extent of Parliamentary Constituencies (PCs) and Assembly Constituencies (ACs) as per “Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008”. The 2009 elections were also held on the basis of these PCs.
 
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*  Electoral Rolls have been revised with reference to 1-1-2014 as the qualifying date and have been finally published in all States and Union Territories. The process of continuous updation of electoral rolls will continue till the last date of filing nominations. 
 
*  The total electorate in the country as per final published E-rolls in reference to 01.01.2014 is approximately 814.5 million compared to 713 million in 2009. This marks an increase of more than 100 million electors. 
 
*  There has been a remarkable increase in the enrollment of electors in the age group of 18 to 19 years. Over 23 million electors are in this age group. Electors in the age group of 18 to 19 years now constitute 2.88% of total electors, against 0.75% in 2009. 
 
*  The Election Commission has allowed enrollment of transgender persons with gender written as "Others" in the electoral rolls since 2012. The number of electors enrolled as "Others" gender is 28,314. As many as 11,844 Indian citizens living overseas have also been enrolled in the current electoral rolls. There are 13,28,621 service electors in the electoral rolls. 
 
* Out of the total of 814,591,184 registered electors in the country, the 28 states together account for 98.27% of electors while the 7 Union Territories together account for the remaining 1.73%. 
 
*  Among the UTs, Delhi accounts for 1.48%, with the other six UTs constituting 0.253% of the Indian electorate. 
 
*  Among states, Uttar Pradesh with more than 13.43 crore electors or 16.49% of the national electorate has the largest number of electors, while Sikkim with around 3.62 lakh electors or 0.044% of the national electorate has the smallest number of electors.
 
*  Male electors constitute 52.4%, female electors 47.6% and electors belonging to the category “Others” constitute 0.0035%. Among the 28 states and 7 union territories, 21 states/UTs have a higher proportion of female electors than that of the national proportion of 47.6%. 
 
*  There are 8 states/UTs where the number of female electors exceeds that of male electors. Puducherry with 52.01% female electors has the highest proportion of female electors, followed next by Kerala with 51.90%. 
 
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*  The National Capital Territory of Delhi has the lowest proportion of female electors at 44.57%, followed next by Uttar Pradesh with 45.20% female electors. 
 
*  17 states/UTs have electors belonging to the “Others” category, with Karnataka having the largest number of such electors, followed next by Uttar Pradesh.
 
*  There are 23,161,296 electors aged between 18 and 19 years out of a total of 814,591,184 electors in the country, thus constituting 2.8% of the national electorate. 
 
*  Among the 28 states and 7 union territories, Dadra & Nagar Haveli has the highest proportion of newly eligible electors at 9.88%, followed next by Jharkhand at 9.03%. 
 
*  Andaman & Nicobar Islands at 1.12% has the lowest proportion of newly eligible electors, followed next by Himachal Pradesh at 1.33%.
 
*  In absolute numbers, Uttar Pradesh tops the list with more than 38.1 lakh electors aged between 18 and 19 years, followed next by West Bengal with around 20.8 lakh electors in this age group.
 
*  Among the electors aged between 18 and 19 years, male electors constitute 58.6%, female electors 41.4% and electors belonging to the category “Others” constitute 0.018%. 
 
*  Among the 28 states and 7 union territories, 21 states/UTs have a higher proportion of female electors in this age category than that of the national proportion of 41.4%. Nagaland with 50.4% female electors in this age group is the sole state where the number of newly eligible female electors exceeds that of newly eligible male electors. 
 
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*  There are 10 states/UTs where the proportion of females among newly eligible electors is less than 40%. Haryana has the lowest proportion at 28.3% followed next by Maharashtra at 35.4%. 15 states/UTs have newly eligible electors belonging to the “Others” category, with Karnataka having the largest number of such electors, followed next by Andhra Pradesh.
 
* Photographs of 98.64 per cent of the electors are already printed in the electoral rolls and 95.64 per cent of them have been issued election photo identity cards (EPICs). These numbers will go up before the polls. As many as 17 States and UTs have photographs of 100 per cent of the electors in the electoral rolls, while 16 States and UTs have 100 per cent EPC coverage.
 
*  There will be approximately 9,30,000 polling stations in the country as compared to 8,30,866 stations in the 2009 elections.
 
*  Electronic voting machines will be used across the country. There are 14,68,430 Control Units (CUs) and 14,95,430 Ballot Units (BUs) available in the country. Apart from this, manufacturers have been asked to manufacture and supply 2,51,650 Control Units and 3,82,876 Ballot Units, which are expected to be received by 31st  March, 2014. With this, the country will have 
17,20,080 Control Units and 18,78,306 Ballot Units. 
 
*  The Commission has also decided to use Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail 
(VVPAT) system in the Lok Sabha election in some of the constituencies, subject to availability of number of units. Presently, the Commission has 600 units of VVPAT and another 20,000 units have been ordered and are likely to be received by 31st March, 2014. 
 
*  On the BUs, below the name of the last candidate, there will now be a 
button for "None of the Above" NOTA option so that electors who do not want to vote for any of the candidates can exercise their option by pressing the button against NOTA. 
 
*  All the candidates will be required to file an affidavit (in Form 26) along with 
their nomination papers. This affidavit will include information on the criminal 
antecedents of the candidate, if any, assets (including the movable, immovable properties and investments even in foreign countries, of the candidate, his/ her spouse and dependents), liabilities of the candidate, his/ her spouse and dependents and his/ her educational qualifications. The filing of the affidavit is mandatory and its non-filing will result in rejection of the nomination paper by the Returning Officer. 
 
*  The Commission is making arrangements for optional e-filing of the affidavit by the candidates. After e-filing, the hardcopy of the affidavit is required to be got notorised by the candidate and submitted to the Returning Officer. The e-filing system will help candidates in filling up the information in the affidavit in correct manner, without any omission. 
 
*  All critical events during the election will be video-graphed. District Election Officers will arrange sufficient number of video and digitial cameras and camera teams for the purpose. The events for videography will include filing of nominations, scrutiny thereof and allotment of symbols, FLC, preparation and storage of EVMs, important public meetings, processions etc. during campaign, process of dispatching Postal Ballot papers, polling process in identified vulnerable Polling Stations, storage of polled EVMs, counting of votes etc. Digital cameras will also be deployed inside Polling Stations, wherever needed and inside all counting centers. CDs of video recordings will be available on payment to anyone who wishes to obtain a copy of the same. 
 
*  The election expenses ceiling for candidates has been revised by the 
Government of India. As per the revised ceilings, the maximum limit of election expenses for a Lok Sabha Constituency is Rs.70.00 lakh per candidate for all States except Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Sikkim. For these three States it is Rs.54.00 lakh per  candidate. 
 
*  For the Union Territories, the maximum limit is Rs.70 lakh per candidate for NCT of Delhi and Rs.54.00 lakh per candidate for other UTs. 
 
*  For the Assembly Constituencies, the maximum limit is Rs.28.00 lakh per 
candidate for the bigger States and NCT of Delhi and Rs.20.00 lakh per candidate in the other States and Union Territory of Puducherry. 
 
*  Accordingly, in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha the limit of expenses for Assembly Constituencies is Rs.28.00 lakh per candidate and in Sikkim it is Rs.20.00 lakh per candidate. 
 
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