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PM says India ready to take on global targets for emission cuts

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina, President of South Africa Jacob Zuma and other Heads of Commonwealth countries, during the CHOGM 2009, in Port of Spain on November 27, 2009.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina, President of South Africa Jacob Zuma and other Heads of Commonwealth countries, during the CHOGM 2009, in Port of Spain on November 27, 2009.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said that India is willing to sign on to an ambitious global target for emissions reductions or limiting temperature increase but made it clear that this must be accompanied by an equitable burden sharing paradigm.

"We acknowledge the imperative of science but science must not trump equity. Climate Change action based on the perpetuation of poverty will simply not be sustainable," he said in his intervention on Climate Change at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) - 2009 at Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, on Friday.

Speaking at a special session devoted to Climate Change, Dr Singh said India had repeatedly emphasised the need for the outcome at the 15th Conference of Parties (COP) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to be held in Copenhagen next month to be comprehensive, balanced and, above all, equitable.

He said it must be comprehensive in the sense that it must cover all the inter-related components of mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology.

He said this meant that a partial outcome must be resisted and that there must be balance and equal priority given to each of the four components.

"Mitigation is important but cannot take precedence over adaptation which, for many countries represented here, poses a greater challenge. And most important from our perspective, is the need to ensure an equitable outcome corresponding to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities," he said.

Referring to the view expressed in some quarters that, given the limited amount of time available, it would be better to aim for a political outcome rather than a legally binding outcome, Dr Singh said the Copenhagen negotiating process must not be pre-empted.

"Whatever time is still available to us before the High Level Segment meets from December 16, should be used to achieve as much convergence as possible. If the consensus is that only a political document is feasible then we must make certain that the post-Copenhagen process continues to work on the Bali mandate and the UNFCCC continues to be the international template for global climate action. We must avoid any lowering of sights," he stressed.

The Prime Minister said the special session would enable CHOGM to send a powerful political message to Copenhagen so as to ensure an ambitious, substantive and equitable outcome.

He welcomed the participation of the Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen in the session, saying his perspective on the multi-lateral negotiations was particularly useful. He assured Mr Rasmussen that India would play a constructive and positive role and support all his efforts to secure a successful outcome at Copenhagen.

Similarly, he said French President Nicolas Sarkozy's presence at the deliberations added to their quality. "We have benefited from his insights and his wisdom and, in particular, his concern over the challenges posed to developing countries by Climate Change," he said.

He said UN Secretary General Bank Ki-moon had played a key role in raising awareness of the dangers posed by Climate Change to humanity and had repeatedly stressed the need for urgency in our actions. "We agree with his assessment that the time for action is now," he said.

Dr Singh expressed India's complete solidarity with the sentiments expressed by several leaders from Small Island Developing States and from Africa, who, he said, were the least responsible for climate change and yet were the most vulnerable to its impact.

"Their very survival is at stake. We appreciate their concern because India, too, has extensive island territories and low lying coastal plains, which are vulnerable to sea-level rise ad extreme climatic events," he said.

He said India had modest resources at its disposal but was willing to share whatever it had to build adaptive capacity among the least developed countries and the Small Island Developing States.

The Prime Minister said that if the outcome at Copenhagen diminished rather than enhanced the implementation of the UNFCCC in respect of the specific components of mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology, it would represent a serious setback, no matter how the result was characterised.

He emphasised that Climate Change was a challenge of global dimensions which deserved a global and a collaborative response. He said it was unfortunate that the global discourse on Climate Change had become enmeshed with arguments about maintaining economic competitiveness or level playing fields.

"Climate Change is becoming the pretext for pursuing protectionist policies under a green label. This would be contrary to the UNFCCC and a violation of the WTO as well. India and other developing countries will strongly resist this," he said.

He also said that the attempts by some countries to dispense with the Kyoto Protocol altogether had generated avoidable misgivings and had been strongly resisted by all developing countries without exception.

"We hope that a legally valid instrument to which we too are parties, will not be set aside in a cavalier manner. This will undermine credibility in any future legally binding instrument," he said.

Dr Singh told the meeting that India had adopted an ambitious National Action Plan on Climate Change with 8 National Mission covering both mitigation and adaptation. He said India had not made their implementation conditional upon obtaining international support, but it could certainly do more if there were a supportive global regime.

"Each of the National Missions, including those on renewable energy, enhancing energy efficiency and expanding forest cover, are platforms on which we would be happy to pursue cooperative partnership with sister Commonwealth countries," he said.

Dr Singh welcomed the proposal made by British Prime Minister Gordon Brown for the mobilisation of at least $ 100 billion by 2020 for supporting climate change action in developing countries. He also welcomed the priority he had given to the needs of Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States.

"However, much of this finance is market-based and hence subject to market volatility and unpredictability. We can hardly plan long-term action on this basis. Furthermore, adaptation requirements do not lend themselves to market based finance," he added.

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